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CSeiienTcioical |Xotcs of some of Ms ^itxccstovs, 
gcscciuXauts mitX Ifamilij ©ouiiiectiows. 

' To the fair of every town 
And the Fowle of Watertown." 



115 High Street. 








In jji-eparing this book, my object has been to put in printed 
form such of the incidents, worthy of note, in the lives of 
different members of the family of Captain JoHisr Fowle, of 
"Watertown, Mass., his descendants and relatives, as otherwise 
might be fbrg'otten; and also to give the genealogical connec- 
tions, which have been traced with all the care and accuracy 

I have endeavored faithfully to collect the facts and describe 
the events of interest pertaining to the lives of some of the 
more distinguished, many of whom have held positions of high 
consideration in social and public life; avoiding, only, direct 
mention of persons now living, excepting to give the dates of 
their births and marriages. 

To all who have aided me in the work, I beg to express my 

most hearty thanks. 

Oeeteude Montague Graves. 
Boston, July 11, 1891. 

2 Mt. Vernon Place. 



FowLE ...... page 5. 

Bradlee "40. 


DORANT "42. 

Cooke "53. 


Bliss and Livermore . . . . " 56. 

Hdnnewell "60. 



Family of Capt. John Fowle . . page 65. 


Family op Mary (Cooke) Fowle. " 76. 



Mus. Benjamin Wiggin. — Portrait by Sully 6 

Lieut. Colonel John Fowle. — Portrait by Prof. Weir . . . .16 

Mrs. John Fowle 20 

Chateau de Vals 22 

Miss Adeline Fowle. — Portrait 24 

Residence and Banking House of Mr. Samuel Welles . . 26 

Mrs. Samuel Welles. — Portrait by Henry Sargent .... 30 

Fac-Simile of Royal Invitation 34 

Mrs. Joseph P. Bradlee. — Portrait by Henry Sargent . . • 38 

JMr. Henry Fowle Durant 44 

Mrs. Henry Fowle Durant.— Portrait by lugham .... 50 

Dr. Walter Hunnewell ' .60 

Residence and Grounds op Mr. H. Hollis Hunnewell in 

Wellesley, Mass. . . , 62-63 

Mr. William Hunt Fowle. — Portrait 67 

Mr. H. Hollis Hunnewell 83 


Children of 

Edmund' and Abigail (Whitney) 


of Watertown, Mass. 

Abigail' Fowle, b. Nov. ii, 1745; m. April 

29, 1767, Joshua Bowman of Cambridge. 
Edmund- Fowle, b. Dec. 21, or 31, 1747; 

m. 1st, Nov. 17, 1772, Mary Cooke, — 2d, 

, Huldah Curtis. He d. Sept. 23, 


Mary' Fowle, b. Nov. 21, 1749. 

Dorothy^ Fowle, b. Jan. 27, 1752 ; m. Dec. 

30, 1772, Jonathan Brewer. 
Ebenezer Smith- Fowle, b. March 25, 1754; 

m. May 10, 1781, Susanna Jackson. 
CAPT. JOHN^' FOWLE, b. Feb. i, 1756; 

m. Jan. S, 17S-, Mary Cooke. He d. 

Dec. 31, 1S23. 
Lucy'' Fowle, b. Aug. 11, 175S; m. Aug. 

27, 1785, John Meacham. 
Jeremiah' Fowle, b. Dec. 17, 1760; m. Dec. 

i5, 17S3 or 17S7, Polly Capen. 
SamueF Fowle, b. Dec. iS, 1762; unm. ; 

graduated at Harvard College. 

Children of 

Capt. Phineas' and Abigail (Durant) 

of Newton, Mass. 

MART- COOKE, b. May iS, 1759; m. Capt. 
John Fowle of Watertown. 

Daniel- Cooke, b. Sept. 13, 1761 ; d. in 1763. 

Artemas' Cooke, d. young. 

Ann (Nancy)' Cooke, b. M.iy 8, 1764; m. 
Capt. Joseph Bliss of Massachusetts 
line. Revolutionary Army. He was 
from Haverhill, N. H. She d. March 
24, 1S30. 

Daniel' Cooke, b. May iS, 1766; m. ist, 
March i, 1793, Sarah Nutting, — 2d, 
March 23, 1796, Dorothy Nutting. He 
d. Sept. 20, 1S39. 

Abigail- Cooke, b. ; m. ist, How- 
ard, — 2d, John Leathe. 

Sarah' Cooke, b. ; m. Nov. 10, 1788, 

Stephen Swift. She d. . 

Susanna' Cooke, b. about 1776; m. May 12, 
1800, Dr. Walter Hunnewell. She d. 
Oct. 9, 1S41. 

CAPTAIN JOHN FOWLE, of the Revolutionary Army, was a man 
marked for his fine integrity, high principles, and honorable pride, "not 
only hating evil, but despising it." He was a man of few words, but 
when he spoke, every word carried weight. 

Captain Fowle was the sixth child and second son of Edmund and 
Abigail (Whitney) Fowle, of Watertown, Mass., where he was born Feb. 
I, 1756, and where he continued to reside throughout his life. He mar- 
ried, Jan. 8, 178^, Mary Cooke, of Newton, daughter of Captain Phineas 
and Abigail (Durant) Cooke. Both Captain Fowle and his wife were 


extremely fine looking, and there is a tradition that they were the hand- 
somest bride and groom ever married in the town. 

They had eight children, and the daughters, three of them particularly, 
who inherited their beauty from both parents, would often attract much 
attention from passers by, as they were seated at the windows of their 
home in Watertown. Their father, to avoid this, would quietly steal 
outside the house and close the blinds! 

One of the maxims which Captain Fowle taught his sons, so strange 
in these days, but not uncommon then, was "never to take the lie, 
decide it by sword or pistol." This may partially account for the fact 
that his youngest son Charles, who had entered the navy, fought a duel 
when he was only nineteen years old, which resulted in his death. 

Captain Fowle was a merchant, doing business both at home and 
abroad, but as he expressed it himself, he was "fortunate by land and 
unfortunate by sea." 

He was one of the original members of the Society of the Cincinnati, 
and one of its Standing Committee. He was Adjutant, Lieutenant, and 
Captain in Smith's third regiment, and Adjutant and Lieutenant in Wig- 
gleworth's thirteenth regiment in 1777-8. In the following year, he was 
in Sullivan's Rhode Island Campaign. He was commissioned Captain 
in same regiment, June 20, 1779, and in Mellen's third regiment in 1783. 
He was selectman in Watertown from 1790-92, and again in 1820, and 
died in that town, Dec. 31, 1S23. 

Mrs. Fowle was possessed of a sweet and gracious manner, and had 
the happy faculty of asking a favor in such a way that it was a pleasure 
to grant it. She was very energetic and active, and was a very fine 
housekeeper, being extremely dainty in everything which she undertook. 
It is said that she was very fond of reading novels, but having the 
impression that her sedate husband would not approve of her taste, she 
would often hide her book when she heard him comings much to the 
amusement of some of her younger relatives. 


Charlotte, daughter of Capt. John and Mary (Cooke) Fowle, was the 
eldest of eight children. 

She was born in Watertown, Mass., Nov. 7, 1782. This family pos- 
sessed, to a remarkable degree, rare personal beauty. 

It was in honor of Charlotte Fowle and her sisters, that Robert 
Treat Paine, the poet, offered the sentiment, " To the fair of every town 
and the Fowle of Watertown." 

This afterward served as a toast, and became quite famous. 

In several papers of the day, Charlotte Fowle, afterwards Mrs. Ben. 
Wiggin, is referred to as "the most beautiful woman then living in 

Although possessed of extreme pride, she had the power of making 
herself agreeable to all classes of people, and said of herself that she was 
always able to learn something worth knowing from everyone with whom 
she came in contact. Indeed, her desire to improve both herself and 
her friends was one of her strongest characteristics. She was always 
industrious, never allowing herself, nor those around her, to be idle. She 
had much sound practical judgment, and worldly wisdom. 

Amusing incidents are still told in regard to her good taste, which 
quality was keenly developed in her. She was so susceptible to beautiful 
things, that the reverse was really distressing to her, and an unbecoming 
costume, worn by friend or stranger, annoyed her extremely. Upon one 
or two occasions, her delicate taste is said to have been so outraged by 
the combination of colors worn by her fellow travellers, people whom 
she had never seen before, that she summoned her kindliest manner, 
and gave them valuable hints in regard to improving their dress, and 
this was said to have been done with so much tact that no ill feeling 
was caused. 


She married, Jan. 26, 1804, Mr. Benjamin Wiggin. He was long a mem- 
ber of the well-known firm of B. &T. Wiggin, which did business in both 
this country and England, between the years 1810 and 1825. The two 
brothers of this firm lived in London for many years, Mr. Benjamin 
Wiggin taking up his residence in that city in 18 to, and remaining 
thereuntil 1845, with the exception of the period from 1821 to 1S26, 
when he occupied one of the stone houses, built by David Hinckley, 
which still stands near the corner of Somerset and Beacon Sts., Boston. 
The other house in this block was afterwards occupied by the Somerset 
Club. While in London, at 33 Upper Harley St., and later at 28 Park 
Crescent, Mr. Wiggin entertained with much elegance. In this he 
was most effectively aided by his wife. 

Although Mr. and Mrs. Wiggin were possessed of much wealth, they 
always had the reputation of being extremely cautious, and prudent, in 
its expenditure ; this fact gave rise to somewhat unjust criticism, for 
they were most generous in many ways. Thus, having no children of 
their own, they interested themselves in the children of others, first in 
Mrs. Wiggin's younger sisters, whom they received under their own roof 
with kind hospitality, and after they were married, in several of Mrs. 
Wiggin's nephews and nieces, to whom they were equally kind, and to 
whom they offered the same hospitality. Upon their return to Boston, in 
1845, they purchased the house 5 Pemberton Square, where they lived 
very quietly, owing to Mr. Wiggin's failing health. He died May 9, 
1849, ^t the age of TJ. 

Mr. Wiggin left the greater part of his large estate to his brother's 
numerous children, having previously settled upon his wife a handsome 
fortune. Mrs. Wiggin went to Paris, a short time after her husband's 
death, where she resided during the remainder of her life. She died 
April 27, 1853. She left her sister, Mme. de La Valette, her valuable 
diamonds, in addition to a large share of her other property. Among 
their paintings was one of the Capuchin Chapel, in Rome, which was very 


fine, and which brought the price of ten thousand dollars when it was 
afterwards sold. 

The portrait, from which the accompanying picture of Mrs. Wiggin 
was copied, was painted by Sully. 

Mr. Benjamin Wiggin was born in Hopkinton, N. H., Oct. 30, 1772. 
He was the eldest son of Benjamin and Elizabeth (Clement) Wiggin. 
His father, "well known as Squire," was a Justice of the Peace, and 
though not rich, was the wealthiest man in the town. Mr. Benj. Wiggin 
and his younger brother Timothy, upon reaching maturity, took their 
father's business, and carried it on successfully for two years. At the 
end of that time, they found that it really required but one of them to 
manage it, and agreed to continue their partnership, with this change, 
that Mr. Timothy Wiggin should go to Boston and begin business there. 
In 1810, the latter was joined by his brother Benjamin, and their partner- 
ship was very successfully continued, both at home and abroad, until 
1825, in which year Mr. Benjamin Wiggin retired from business. 


Harriet, second daughter of Capt. John and Mary (Cooke) Fowle, 
was born Sept. lo, 1784. She was sent to boarding school at the age of 
seven, and early acquired a passionate fondness for books, which taste 
grew with advancing years. This family all possessed fine minds, but 
Harriet may have been called the most intellectual among them. As 
she matured, she became an intelligent and even brilliant conversation- 
alist. She had an excitable temperament, and was not merely agree- 
able, but fascinating when she chose to be. She had much worldly 
ambition, and was rather imperious in her manner at times, having a 
large share of the family pride, but she scorned sham, and was con- 
temptuous of anything savoring of pretence. She was the soul of honor, 
and possessed a singularly honest mental "make up." With her strong 
will power, she had certain other qualities which made her a very 
pronounced character. Her likes and dislikes were most intense. She 
was fond of art, and was remarkably successful in the cultivation of 
flowers. Once, when asked by a niece, the secret of this success, she 
laughingly replied, " My dear, I talk to them." She was the last one 
of the sisters to marry, and she met her future husband, Mr. William 
Smith, for the first time, while visiting her sister, Mrs. Britton, in Or- 
ford, N. H. Mr. Smith was then a law student in Mr. Britton's office. 
An incident is recalled of Mr. Smith when he used to visit his fianc6e 
on her return to her home in Watertown. He would often take her to 
drive in a carriage in which the horses were harnessed tandem, a thing 
almost unheard of in those days, and which naturally caused much ex- 
citement in the village. 

After their marriage, Mr. and Mrs. Smith lived in Hanover, N. H., for 
several years. They had four children : William, Henry, Maria, and 


The following are extracts taken from letters written by Mrs. Smith 
to her sister Mrs. Wiggin, during the residence of the former in Hano- 
ver. A letter dated from there October, 1 820, says, " Am glad to hear Mr. 
Wiggin has purchased a house in Boston, and you cannot imagine how 
I long to see your elegant establishment." Then referring to her sister 
Mrs. Charles Smith, she says, " Never did I know a person so lovely, 
so amiable, as Eliza." Another letter dated June 20, 1824, says, "Thanks 
for congratulation on birth of Adeline. . . . Henry is a very good boy 
indeed, but as full of mischief as he can be." May 10, 1829 .... "All 

three children are at school under the care of Mr. Smith's sister 

Adeline is a sweet child We have fitted up the cottage here." 

In another letter Mrs. Smith says, in referring to her little daughter 
Adeline, " I cannot be grateful enough to my God, for being the mother 
of such a child. She is now six years old. Her eyes, I think, look like 

yours, and she is very pretty Henry goes to the same school. 

He is, I think, rather a chivalrous character. He is fond of his books, 
and wishes very much to have a library of his own. I have promised 
him as a reward, that I would give him Washington Irving's Life of 
Columbus, which he likes very much. Henry resembles our family, or 
rather he looks as our father did." 

Jan. 29, 1832. — "My darling little daughter kisses your miniature, 
which hangs over the mantle in our parlor, and talks to it, and arranges 
flowers before it. It is an object of the dearest and sweetest interest to 
us all." The loss of this child in the seventh year of her age, was a life- 
long grief to her mother " Am delighted with the character of our 

new sister Paulina, for it agrees with my own. John is indeed fortunate 
to have such a wife, and Paulina assuredly not less so. Where else 
would she find so devoted and kind a husband! " 

Mr. and Mrs. Smith moved to Lowell from Hanover, and a letter 
dated from there Aug. 6, 1834, says, "My dear boys are now at school, 
about ten miles from us. They probably may both fit for college by the 
autumn of next year. They are somewhat ambitious, and seem de- 


termined to succeed. Their instructors think they have minds deserv- 
ing of culture, and that they may fill places of usefulness with credit to 
themselves and their friends." 

In a letter dated from Hampton Beach, where Mrs. Smith had gone 
for a little visit, she writes of her fondness for her native State. " Old 
Massachusetts forever ! The bread, water, fire, earth, sea, fish, and 
human things, all, all are better there, than just across the dividing line ! " 

She took great pride in her talented son Henry, and " her eyes would 
sparkle with strange fire, and the color mount to her cheeks, as she 
tossed her head, remembering her ancestry, and would say Henry is all 
Fowle. All Durant she might have said, had she known one tithe of 
the ancestral story." She lived to see Wellesley College rise in his 
mind, if not to see it take tangible form. 

As Mrs. Smith grew older, she still retained her youthful feelings, 
and it was a great delight to her to gather young people around her. 
She entered into their good times as heartily as any among them. She 
moved to Boston several years before her death, which occurred March 
2, 1868. Her husband died Oct. 19 of the previous year. 


Maria, third child of Capt. John and Mary (Cooke) Fowle, was born 
December 14, 1787. From her earliest childhood she showed the most 
loveable and amiable traits of character, and was as devoted to her 
family in her parents' home, as she was, in later years, to those under 
her own roof. Being of an extremely retiring disposition, it was not to 
the outside world that her virtues shone most conspicuously, but rather 
to those who knew her intimately. In her later years she sometimes 
recalled with pride her parents' assurance that it was upon her, more 
than upon any of their other children, that they most depended and 
relied in the practical every-day duties of life. She was possessed of 
very good mental ability, extreme refinement, and shared largely in the 
beauty for which the family was noted. She was educated at Mrs. 
Rawson's then famous school in Newton, Mass. ; and a silver medal, 
now in possession of one of her grand-daughters, attests to the excel- 
lence of her painting. After leaving school she resided for some time 
with her oldest sister, Mrs. Benjamin Wiggin, in Boston. 

She married, in her twenty-first year, Abiathar George Britton, a 
talented New Hampshire lawyer, whom she had met for the first time 
while visiting her aunt, Mrs. Bliss, in Haverhill, N. H. Mr. Britton 
was a contemporary and personal friend of Hon. Daniel Webster, Hon. 
Jeremiah Mason, Judge Livermore, Mr. Joseph Bell, and other promi- 
nent men of the day. 

Mrs. Britton was an invalid for many years, yet was always serene 
and uncomplaining, and accomplished more by her perseverance and 
industry than most people in robust health. She was kind to all, both 
high and low, and beloved by all. Generous to a fault, she constantly 
denied herself for the good of others. Although so amiable and gentle, 
she had much strength of character, and where a matter of principle 
was involved, was as firm as the solid rock. 


No greater contrast could be presented in the lives of different 
daughters in the same family, than between her life and those of her 
oldest and youngest sisters, Charlotte and Adeline, — the two latter 
moving in the brightest and best of London and Paris society, while the 
former passed the greater part of her days in a retired New Hampshire 
village, with but few congenial friends around her. Yet in her remote 
home, and under circumstances which made it almost impossible not to 
lapse into carelessness, she never allowed herself to abate in the least, 
as far as it lay in her power, the most punctilious observances of the 
most refined society, nor allowed, for one moment, the kindly amenities 
of life to be forgotten. Graced with the most delicate sensibilities, 
she was always the well born, well bred, gentlewoman. Mr. and Mrs. 
Britton had seven children, two sons and five daughters. Frances, the 
youngest, afterwards Mrs. Graves, was not born until two years after 
the marriage of the eldest daughter, and so it came to pass that the 
mother, and father, and their seven children, were never together for an 
hour in their lives, excepting upon one occasion when a meeting was 
planned at the house of the eldest daughter, Charlotte Greenleaf, who 
resided, at that time, in Temple Street, Boston. 

-A!^ /^;^Britton was born in Westmoreland, N. H., April 9, 1776. He 
was six feet tall, and was said to resemble Henry Clay. He was a 
lawyer, a man of sterling integrity, fine mind, and wonderful memory. 
He had great conversational powers, and was extremely popular among 
his brother lawyers ; and, during the sessions held in the shire towns, 
was the life of the court, amusing his companions by witty anecdote 
and song. For many years he represented Orford, New Hampshire, in 
both branches of the Legislature, and was also elected a member of the 
Assembly to change the Constitution of the State. 

Several times during his life, Mr. Britton dreamed that certain 


events were happening at the exact time when they actually did occur. , 

The most notable of these instances was the burning of Moscow. . The c/ ^/^^£^^^ r. 
dream made such an impression upon his mind that he spoke of it to 
several people the following morning. This was before the days of 
telegraphs, but in the course of time intelligence was received on this 
side of the water that Moscow was burned, and it proved to have taken 
place at the very time of Mr. Britton's dream. 
He died in Boston, December 14, 1853. 


Lieut. Colonel John Fowle, fourth child, and eldest son, of Capt. 
John and Mary Cooke Fowle, was born in Watertown, Mass., Nov. 3, 
1789. Like his father, he was interested in military affairs, and entered 
the service at an early age. 

In the war of 18 12, he served in the New York frontier, being com- 
missioned April 9th of same year, 2nd Lieutenant in the 9th Infantry, 
U. S. A. 

The i6th April of the year following, he was commissioned ist Lieu- 
tenant, and the loth June, 1814, Captain of the same company. 

" He was trained, in Buffalo, with Scott's Brigade, that splendid corps 
whose influence was so potent in all the brilliant achievements of the 
Campaign, and won the laudatory resolutions of our National Legislature 
at the Peace of 181 5." He took part, with this Brigade, in the Niagara 
Campaign, and was wounded in the battle of Lundy's Lane, notwith- 
standing which, he continued at the head of his company until the close 
of the action. This battle, known sometimes as that of " Bridgewater," 
and also as that of "Niagara," was fought at great disadvantage to the 
Americans, so that their signal victory was the more remarkable, as they 
only numbered, including reinforcements, about twenty-si.\ hundred 
men, while the enemy, led by General Rial, numbered, in the aggregate, 
not less than forty-five hundred. 

May 17, 18 1 5, Lieut. Fowle was transferred to the 5th Infantry, and 
the loth June, 1824, he was brevetted Major for ten years of faithful 
service in one grade. During the winter of 1830, Major Fowle became 
acquainted with Miss Paulina Cazenove of Alexandria, Va. She came 
to Boston to act as brides-maid, at her brother Charles Cazenove's 
wedding, and passed the greater part of the season in that city. When 
about to return to her home, Major Fowle begged permission to visit 



her there. After a time, Major Fowle and Miss Cazenove became 
engaged, and were married May 26, 1831. 

Their wedding journey to Europe, in those days of saiHng vessels, 
was quite a different affair from a trip at the present time. They were 
forty-eight days going over, and fifty-six days returning, seventeen of 
which were spent in beating out of the English Channel. 

Mr. and Mrs. Fowle had three children : Pauline Adeline, Anne Eliza, 
and John Charles, the two latter dying in childhood. 

Major Fowle served several years on the N. W. Frontier. In 1832, 
he was stationed at Sault Ste. Marie, where the well known Rev. Jere- 
miah Porter was doing a noble work. In those days there were no 
regular chaplains in the army. When ordered to Fort Dearborn in 
1833, Major Fowle invited Mr. Porter to accompany his command. 
The following extracts from a letter written by Mrs. Fowle, dated Fort 
Dearborn, Chicago, May 25, 1833, are of great interest as giving a pic- 
ture of the Chicago of that time, and as making mention of Mr. Porter. 

"The situation of Chicago is very pretty, being immediately on the lake. 
Back of it, stretching further than the eye can see, is an extensive prairie, 
where there are the greatest number of beautiful wild flowers. Mr. 
Porter, our Presbyterian minister, came with us. From several circum- 
stances he had reason to think that the field for usefulness at St. Marie's 
was closed for the present, and being very anxious to keep him with us, 
if possible, we requested him to come with us to Chicago. The people 
here are mostly an illiterate drunken set, who have not had the benefit 
of religious privileges, and do not know how to appreciate them, but my 
husband, Capt. Wilcox and Mr. Jameson, are endeavoring to get up a 
subscription in order to keep him here, as we hope his influence may be 
blessed, in this place, as it was at the St. Marie's, and that he may be 
the means, under God, of improving the state of society here, for surely 
nothing is so calculated to do it as religion. I am very desirous that he 
should remain, as I cannot bear the idea of being without religious wor- 


ship ; and there is none excepting when an old Methodist gentleman occa- 
sionally preaches in the school house at the Point, which is the name 
they give the village." From this small beginning, in which Major Fowle 
was actively instrumental, was founded the first church in Chicago. 

March 4, 1833, Major Fowle was transferred to the 3rd Infantry, 
and the same year was ordered to West Point as Instructor of Tactics, 
and Commandant of the Corps of Cadets. Here he remained nearly 
five years, winning love and respect in this position, as he had done in 
all others. The 25th December, 1837, he was commissioned Lieut. 
Colonel in the 6th Infantry. 

In 1838, the death of his superior officer, Thompson, sent him to Florida, 
to join the army in the Seminole Indian Wars. After leaving his family 
in Alexandria, Va., he hastened to take command of his regiment, going 
via the Ohio and Mississippi rivers, in that day the only route. The 
unfortunate steamer in which he embarked at Cincinnati, was the 
"Moselle," a fine new boat, and her Captain wishing to show her speed, 
as they passed that city, overtaxed her capacity, which resulted in an 
explosion of her boilers. This disaster, which occurred April 25, 1838, 
was one of the most terrible of the time, and through it. Col. Fowle's 
valuable life, as well as many others, were sacrificed. His body was not 
recovered until the 13th of the May following, when it was found near 
Madison, a hundred miles below Cincinnati, where it was buried with 
all the honors of war." Finally he was laid to rest in the Cazenove lot 
at Alexandria, Va. In his trunk was an unfinished letter to be mailed 
at Louisville to his beloved wife, which seemed as tender a farewell as 
if he had been forewarned of his death. Among his papers left in Vir- 
ginia, was the following statement, dated "Alexandria, April 16, 1838. 
Lieutenant Colonel John Fowle is not in debt to any one person, one 
cent." Signed, John Fowle. To quote the New York American, 
"From his entrance into military life, to the close of his earthly career, 
Col. Fowle was conspicuous for the diligent, faithful and efficient per- 


formance of his official duties, for his unsullied honor, and the spotless 
purity of his life." 

Lieut. Colonel Fowle was a member of the Society of the Cincinnati. 
He was admitted in 1S24, on the death of his father, Capt. John Fowle, 
who was one of the original members. 

Family of De Cazenove. 

Paulin'A Cazenove, wife of Lt. Col. Fowle, was named for her grandfather, Paul 
de Cazenove of Geneva, Switzerland. Her father, Antoine Charles de Cazenove, was 
educated at the famous military school of Colmar. His class afterwards became the 
Swiss Body Guard of Louis XVI., and was cut to pieces while defending that unfortu- 
nate king. Antoine Charles escaped the fate of his comrades only through the fortu- 
nate circumstance, that, having a great distaste for military life, he had persuaded his 
father to allow him to leave his class, just before graduating, and enter the banking 
house of the de Cazenoves in London. At the end of three years sojourn in that city, 
he returned to Geneva to visit his parents, and while there the Jacobin Revolution 
broke out. The Jacobins seized all the aristocrats of Geneva, among others Paul de 
Cazenove and his two sons, and confined them in a large grainery outside the walls of 
the city. They surrounded this building with a guard, and placed cannon, pointing 
inward, at the entrance. The populace, meanwhile, determined to take matters into 
their own hands, storm the grainery, overpower the guards, and massacre the aristo- 
crats " en masse." A fierce encounter ensued, but the guards were at last victorious, 
thus saving the prisoners from a bloody and violent death. Fortunately for the de 
Cazenoves, their reputation for goodness helped them, even in the dark hours of the 
Revolution. Jean Antoine, and his younger brother, Antoine Charles, were the 
first brought to trial. They were acquitted, because the Jacobins themselves said 
" these Messieurs de Cazenove have done us no harm, beside which they have been 
away from Geneva much of the time." Upon their release they went immediately to 
prison to see their father, who advised them to flee at once, before it was discovered 
that the aristocrats of Geneva had organized a military company to suppress the Jaco- 
bins, and that the elder son, who had not been away from Geneva with his brother, 
was its captain. They separated, agreeing to stop at certain inns " en route " for Hol- 
land, and communicating with each other by writing on the backs of the pewter plates 
used in these inns. Upon reaching Holland, they sailed for America, and came to 
Philadelphia. This was about the year 1794, and the younger brother was only 
twenty-one years of age. 

It was in Philadelphia that they met the Misses Hogan of Baltimore, whom they 
aftenvards married. These sisters were of old Irish and Scotch-Irish descent, and were 
educated far beyond the custom of the times. Antoine Charles de Cazenove, who 
married Ann Hogan, ahv.ays intended to return to Geneva to live, and thought so much 


of the privileges of being one of its citizens, birthriglits that some of his ancestors had 
enjoyed since 1472, that he went through all the formalities of the laws of that city, so 
that his children were all born citizens of Geneva. Antoine Charles de Cazenove was 
one of the directors of the United States Bank, and consul for several places in Europe. 
He was very intimate with Hon. Albert Gallatin, and in company with him, established 
the first glass works in this country, in Uniontown, Penn. ; and later, the first flouring 
mills west of the Alleghanies. The original John Jacob Astor wished him to become 
his partner in his great fur venture, and to settle in New York, but for some unknown 
reason, he declined, and subsequently settled in Alexandria, D. C. His father, before 
the Revolution, was extremely wealthy, and was so well known in Geneva, that when 
one of the brothers of George IV., probably the Duke of York, went there, he brought 
a letter of introduction to Paul de Cazenove, who gave a grand fete in his honor, at his 
beautiful place " Mont Brillant." Voltaire lived very near them, and was a frequent 
guest at their house. He admired the beautiful Mme. Paul de Cazenove very much, 
and once wlien visiting them, presented her with a pretty little statuette of himself, as 
a token of his friendship. 

The records of the de Cazenoves are preserved among those of the French nobility in 
the Imperial Library in Paris, and show the family to have been in France nearly a 
thousand years. They originated in Spain, and the name was Casa Nova. The Caze- 
nove chateau, the remains of which still exist in the south of France, has been in ruins 
since the tvvelfth century. They have had numerous titles, and have the right to the 
marquis's coronet over their coat of arms. Two of the family were Cardinals, and during 
the reign of Louis XI. one of the family married a Montmorenci, La Val. One branch 
became Huguenot, and at the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes, they left their titles, 
but took their property, and moved to Geneva, where they allied themselves with 
families who had ruled that city from the time of Calvin. The towns of Cazenovia 
and Geneva, in New York, were named in honor of a cousin of Mrs. Fowle. 


Charles, sixth child of Captain John and Mary (Cooke) Fowle, was 
born Feb. 7, 1793. He entered the navy not long before the war of 
18 1 2, and was stationed at New London. 

A British ship was in port at the time, and one of her officers, a noted 
bully, took advantage of the strained relations existing between the two 
countries, to pick a quarrel with midshipman Fowle, and challenged 
him. A duel followed, in which the younger man was severely wounded, 
but not killed. Word was immediately sent Capt. Fowle of his son's 
condition, and he at once hastened to him, and was rejoiced to find the 
lad apparently recovering from his wound. After a brief visit, Capt. 
Fowle returned to his home with a light heart, thinking that his son 
was out of danger. Mrs. Fowle, in after years, would often speak of her 
anxiety upon the memorable night when she sat waiting, hour after hour, 
listening for the horn to blow, announcing the arrival of the stage, which 
was to bring her husband, with either good or bad tidings of their boy. 
He did bring the good tidings, but soon after a relapse followed which 
resulted in the death of this brave young midshipman. He was only 
nineteen, and already had given promise of more than ordinary ability. 
He was very handsome, and a great favorite with his superior officers 
as well as those of his own rank, and they unanimously exonerated him 
from all blame in this unfortunate affair. They proved their respect for 
him by uniting in raising a monument to his memory, which now stands 
in an old cemetery in Groton, Conn., opposite New London. 


Eliza, seventh child of Capt. John and Mary (Cooke) Fowle, was 
born in Watertown, Mass., July 24, 1795. She, and her sister Adeline, 
four years her junior, were the youngest of the family, and the strongest 
possible attachment and sympathy existed between them. Their devo- 
tion to each other began as little children, and continued throughout 
their lives. 

An anecdote is told of Eliza when she was a little girl, which, perhaps, 
illustrates one of the marked traits of her character. Mrs. Miller, a 
friend of the family, whose brother, Eliza afterwards married, was very 
fond of her, and would often invite her to Boston to make them little 
visits, frequently going for her in their own fine carriage. Upon a certain 
occasion, at the end of one of these visits, Capt. Fowle went for his 
daughter himself, in his old chaise. On the way home, the child began 
crying bitterly, and her father tried to comfort her and learn what was 
the trouble. She finally sobbed, " I like— Pa^Miller's callage — the — 
best ! " 

Her girlhood was very short, as she married in 181 1, when she was 
only sixteen. Her husband, Capt. Charles Smith, was a man much older 
than herself, whom she had always known, and whom she had been in 
the habit of calling uncle. The greater part of their married life was 
passed in Boston ; their first residence was in Joy Street, afterwards in 
High Street, and they finally removed to Mt. Vernon Street, where 
they passed the remainder of their days. Meanwhile, numerous trips 
to Europe enabled Mrs. Smith to make long visits to her beloved sister 
Adeline ; thus their intimacy continued, notwithstanding the fact that 
their homes were on different sides of the Atlantic. Mrs. Smith was 
the tallest of the five sisters, and although not strictly beautiful, had an 


extremely lovely face and winning smile. Reference is made to her 
personal appearance in an article written for the Boston Post, Oct. 26, 
1889, in which the writer, in describing some prominent women of the 
Boston of fifty years ago, says, "To walk well, in those days, was con- 
sidered a high art, to which more attention was paid in the schools than 
is dreamed of in the present time. If Mrs. Harrison Gray Otis com- 
manded admiration for her stateliness, Mrs. Charles Smith attracted no 
less attention for her fine carriage, for she was noted for her grace in 
walking. She was said to be the only woman who could wear the long 
shawl with elegance. She had a way of adjusting it over the arms, so 
that her mode of wearing an ugly garment made it look really hand- 
some." She was a very charming and amiable character, and was much 
beloved by a large circle of friends. RTany still live who. recall her 
winning manners and kindly acts. She always had a word of charity 
for others' faults, her harshest term for disagreeable people being that 
"they were a little odd." Mr. and Mrs. Smith had four children. Their 
oldest daughter, Charlotte, married a Frenchman, M. Souchard, a cousin 
of M. Rouher, the famous minister of finance, and afterwards premier 
of Napoleon III. M. Souchard was French consul in Germany for 
some time, and, after his marriage, was transferred to Boston at his own 
request, where he and his wife lived until their return to France about 
the year 1867. They then retired to their fine old Chateau de Vals, upon 
the Dordogne, where his widow continues to reside. They had one child 
Eugene, who died when he was about nine years old. 



Adeline, eighth and youngest child of Capt. John and Mary (Cooke) 
Fowle, was born Feb. 13, 1799. Very Httle is known of her early child- 
hood, which was passed in her quiet home in Watertown, Mass. When 
her sister, Mrs. Wiggin, moved to Philadelphia, Adeline accompanied 
her, and attended school in that city. 

In 1810 Mrs. Wiggin again changed her residence, Mr. Wiggin's 
business calling him to London, and in 1815 the younger sister joined 
them there, and made their home her own. It was in London that Mr. 
Samuel Welles, afterwards the popular and wealthy American banker 
of Paris, met Miss Fowle, and attracted by her wonderful beauty and 
charmed by her rare intelligence, sought and won her hand in marriage. 
This event transpired in the year 1816, the ceremony being performed 
at the American Legation in Paris, as Miss Fowle and Mr. Welles both 
desired to be married by a fellow countryman and within American 

Although, at the time of their marriage, Mr. Welles's Paris business 
had been established but a twelvemonth, yet about fifteen years later, 
he was known as the only prominent American banker in Paris. He 
had large and extensive dealings with the United States, and was con- 

' Charles Cazenove, a lad of fourteen years, whose sister, Miss Pauline Cazenove, 
afterwards married a brother of Miss Fowle, was visiting Mr. Gallatin, the American 
minister to France, at the time, and was present at the wedding. He was so impressed 
by the beauty of the bride and the disparity of age between her and Mr. Welles, that 
he expressed the opinion that it would be much wiser for her to wait until he was old 
enough to marry her. Charles Cazenove was then "en route" for his grandfather's 
home, in Geneva, where he was being sent for his education. He afterwards married 
Miss Sarah Greenleaf, of Boston, and his widow built one of the first houses erected 
in Arlington Street, in that city, where she resided during the remainder of her life. 


nected with all the first banking houses in Europe. " He was univer- 
sally esteemed and trusted, and his honorable enterprise and integrity 
had gradually resulted in wealth, which enabled him to indulge without 
stint in that benevolence for which thousands had come to be his 
debtors. Much more was expected of a foreign banker in those days, 
than now, and the attentions so freely claimed by his friends and patrons 
he as freely bestowed with the cordial fulness of a kindly nature. His 
popularity was great, and so widely extended were his connections and 
influence, that few of his countrymen when abroad failed to find their 
way to his rooms, while he had entertained, in his own home, nearly 
every travelled American of note. Numbers yet live to recall, with a 
certain vividness, the genial and sumptuous hospitality which he was 
wont to dispense at his mansion on the Place St. George, or at his 
chateau at Surenne, near Paris. He was ably seconded by his wife, who 
was a hostess of peculiar beauty, tact, culture, and refinement. Her 
dinners and balls were the envied resort, not only of the fashionable 
Americans residing in Paris at that epoch, but also of all those who 
were most distinguished in the literary, artistic, and social world of the 
French capital." ' 

Mrs. Welles returned to her native land in 1833, and remained in this 
country for about a year. This visit to America was the only one she 
made during her long residence abroad, as the terrible suffering which 
she incurred, while crossing the ocean, endangered her life. This visit 
was quite an event in her e.xperience, as she had felt, for many years, a 
strong desire to see her relatives. It was while in this country that her 

' Mr. Welles was the second son of Mr. Samuel Welles, a merchant of Boston. He 
was born in Natick, Mass., April 22, 1778, and died at Surenne, France, Aug. 30, 1841 
leaving his widow and son possessed of a very large fortune. It was his father's family 
which gave the name to the town ofWellesley. His father was the first child of Samuel 
Welles, of Boston. His grandfather of same name, also of Boston, was the third child 
of (Capt.) Samuel Welles of Glastenbury. This Capt. Samuel was the first child of 
Samuel Welles of Wethersfield, who in turn was the fifth child of Gov. Thomas Welles 
of Hartford, Conn. 



son was born, March 22, 1834, in Summer Street, Boston ; and the birth 
of this child seemed to be the one thing that was needed to complete 
her happiness. 

In 182^, Mr. H. Mollis Hunnewell, of Boston, a favorite cousin of 
Mrs. Welles, entered the business house of her husband, and at the 
same time was received in their home as a member of the family. Of 
this period in his life, Mr. Hunnewell writes to one of her nieces : " I 
have been led of late to recall to mind some few events connected with 
my early life, and the happy days I passed under your aunt's friendly 
roof in a foreign land, where I then expected to reside all my life time. 
I suppose it can be truly said of her, that she was, in many respects, 
one of the most remarkable American women of her day. Her great 
beauty, which is one of the things I have never forgotten, and her 
numerous accomplishments, are so well known and recognized, both in 
this country and in Europe, that it is hardly necessary for me to speak 
of them here to you. She possessed a most amiable and affectionate 
disposition, and no one could be more sympathetic and devotedly 
attached to her friends than she. 

" From the moment I entered her house as a young lad, she was in- 
terested in my welfare, and soon became, as it were, a second mother to 
me, so that it was no easy matter for me to decide to separate from her, 
and return to this country, when business considerations finally com- 
pelled me to do so. 

" These most happy relations continued between us, without a moment's 
interruption, to the last days of her life, as you will see by a perusal of a 
few of her letters which I send you. You will notice, in one of them, 
how sweetly and tenderly she alludes to her youthful days, though she 
had been absent from this country for many years, and was moving in 
a circle composed of the most distinguished personages in Paris, at a 
moment when the Sei^Wempire of France was at the height of its greatest 
success, yet she did not forget her native place, nor her dear relatives." 


In one of her letters to Mr. Hunnewcll, dated at Surenne, Oct. 21, 1841, 
she says, " When I wrote to your father to send you out to me, that I 
would do all I could to promote your welfare, the thought was stimulated 
by the remembrance of your mother's affection for me as a little girl." 

Mr. Hunnewell continues, " She was most sensitive in her nature, 
and perhaps easily e.x'cited when things went wrong, but it was soon 
over, and easily forgotten. She was never, I think, very strong, and her 
whole life was one of constant excitement and activity. Three revolu- 
tions in Europe, and our civil war, passed over her head, which, with the 
many anxieties connected with them, wore upon her rather delicate 
constitution, and, very possibly, somewhat shortened her life." 

At the close of the year 1842, Mrs. Welles married Cliarles Jean 
Marie Felix, Marquis de La Valette. " This, without doubt, was the 
occasion of some surprise and much solicitude to many of her friends, 
but, in making this choice, Mrs. Welles displayed her usual discern- 
ment, for while others beheld in the Marquis only a brilliant man of 
fashion, she recognized in him those commanding traits which raised 
him to the highest posts in the State." 

In regard to this marriage Mr. Hunnewell writes : "Although I was 
not in Paris, at that time, excepting for a short period, thus having but 
little opportunity for personal observation, it is a great satisfaction and 
comfort to me, that I have the best of reasons for believing this second 
marriage v.-as an unusually happy one, and that she never regretted the 
choice she made, in spite of all the predictions to the contrary of many 
of her best friends. 

"That the Marquis was a most charming man, and admirably calculated 
to- make her happy, is beyond question. He had the most pleasant and 
courteous manners, with talents which enabled him to attain a high 
rank among the most distinguished and eminent diplomatists of his 
day." He was born Nov. 25, 1806, at Senlis, and entered the Diplo- 
matic Corps at an early age. He afterwards became Secretary of 
Embassy at Stockholm, from 1837 to 1841. 


Soon after his marriage with Mrs. Welles, in 1S42, he was sent by 
King Louis Philippe, as Consul General, to Alexandria, Egypt. 

After the revolution of 1848, the Marquis attached himself to the 
fortunes of Louis Napoleon Bonaparte, and in February of 1851, the 
Emperor sent him as Ambassador to Constantinople, to which post he 
went, accompanied by his wife. 

On his return to France, in 1853, he was made Senator. Mme. de 
La Valette refers to the fact in a letter written to her cousin dated at 
Plombieres, July 18, 1853. "I don't remember whether I have written 

you since F was named Senateur ; at all events you will have seen it in 

the papers. F had an interview with the Emperor the day before we 

left Paris ; he thanked him, and said he was perfectly satisfied and wished 

for nothing more He is only obliged to be in Paris three or 

four months in the year, and the rest of the time we can be in the country, 
or where we like." In the Autumn of this year she writes: "We are 
all together in Paris now, but on Friday, F. and S. go off to shoot 
grouse in Scotland, and my two sisters and I will perhaps, during this 
time, go down to Cavalerie. The end of next month, we go to Arc, and 
the Princesse Mathilde is coming down to pass a week with us, and later 
the Prince Napoleon is coming down to shoot. You will see an account 
of all the Fetes for the Queen of England, at which we assist. On 
Monday, we were invited to the Spectacle at St Cloud, which contains a 
hundred and fifty persons. After the spectacle, the Empress presented 
us to Queen Victoria, and the Emperor presented us to Prince Albert. 
The Emperor sent us a box for the representation of the grand Opera. 
It was the most magnificent sight I ever beheld, and when, at the close, 
the whole Corps d'Opera came forward, and sang " God save the Queen," 
it was splendid beyond description. Tomorrow I take C. to the Hotel 

de Ville, and on Saturday we have a ball at Versailles A 

friend offered three hundred francs for two tickets for the Opera, last 
evening, and could not obtain them." 


The Following December she writes from Chateau d'Arc, en Barrois 
Haute Maine. 

" I never saw so much snow on the ground as at this moment. We had 
a magnificent " Chasse " with this snow on Saturday, and killed a wolf 
and three wild boar. I never saw a more beautiful sight. The forest 
covered with snow, the twenty guards and the gentlemen hunters, the 
Piqueur on Feli.x's black mare, and I on my white donkey. The dogs and 
the wood-cutters, which they took to beat the woods, and the silence at 
the attack, all combined to make it most interesting." 

April 25, 1854. 

" Do you know that I have my fears that the American 

Government will not have the good sense to keep a strict neutrality in 
this Oriental Question. I find several very clever Englishmen who fear 
it as much as I." 

Vichy — Les Bains, July 24, 1855. 

" Felix will adopt S as soon as he is fifty years old, and 

S now adds his step-father's name to his.'" I am here with 

all my old friends, Ernest Andre and his wife [who have now twenty 
millions of fortune] ; Fustado, and his wife (who have at least twelve 
millions of fortune) ; Mr. and Mrs. Paul Garat ; Mr. and Mrs. Dolfus 
and daughter ; Ernest Le Roy, and I cannot tell you how many more." 

Cavalerie, Sep. 29th, 1857. 
My dear H . 

" The horses which you bought for the Emperor arrived in 

a bad state ; the passage was rough, and they were terribly bruised and 

' It was only after a second effort, and a lapse of six years, that the Marquis succeeded 
in securing a decree which authorized him to carry out his intention of adopting his 
step-son. This decree was given Nov. 14, 1S64, and was a decision of much importance 
under certain aspects, as it settled a question, till then doubtful, as to the right of a 
French citizen to adopt a person of foreign birth. 


only now are getting sound. The Marquis went out to St. Cloud, a 
fortnight ago, to see and try them. They went like the wind, and he 
was frightened at their speed. The Emperor has been absent ever since 
they arrived, which is very fortunate, for they now have had time to 

improve, and he will be able to enjoy them The Marquis is 

with the Flahaults at Lord Willoughby's. I don't e.xpect him until the 
twentieth of next month. He passed a week at Francis Baring's, who 
has the best shooting in England - The affairs of India inter- 
est one and all, for the horrors committed there are not of this epoch. 
What the result will be no one can foresee. All the papers are busy 
with the interviews of the Emperors. What will come out of this, also, we 

cannot tell. S will soon be attache pay6, and is soon to accompany 

M. de Morny to St. Petersburg, but this is a great secret We 

had the Grand Vizier, the Turkish Ambassador, the Princesse Mathilde, 
the Swedish Minister, M. de Flahault. Due de Morny, the Belgian 
Minister, and the President of the Senate, and others, to dinner last 
Friday. It went off very well, and my rooms had great success." 

The Marquis returned to Constantinople in May of the year i860, but 
resigned his office there, in August of the following year, to become 
Minister Plenipotentiary at the Papal Court. On this mission, also, he 
was accompanied by his wife. 

Although Mme. de La Valette took such active interest in the 
diplomatic life of her husband, and the politics of her adopted country, 
she never forgot her native land, nor lost an opportunity to serve it, 
when the occasion presented itself. She took great interest in America's 
Civil War, and no doubt rendered the North much service in helping to 
prevent a recognition of the Southern Confederacy by the French 
government. In many of her letters, reference is made to conversations, 
upon this subject, with different members of the Cabinet, most of whom, 
greatly through the intriguing of Mason and Slidell, were inclined to 
favor the South. The sympathies of the Emperor, and particularly of 


the Empress, were also inclined in this same direction, but M. ThouvenaL 
minister of foreign affairs, was always very friendly to the North. He 
was an intimate friend of the Marquis, and through him, and Mme. de La 
Valette, he was enabled to obtain a more just appreciation of the true 
state of affairs upon this side of the water. Mme. de La Valette was 
kept well informed upon these matters by her cousin, Mr. Hunnewell, and 
she thus writes in regard to one of his letters. 

Paris, Nov. 15th, 1861. 
My dear H . 

The last steamer brought me your good and clever letter relative 
to American affairs at the present moment, and so highly was I satis- 
fied with your appreciation, and views, that I have communicated this 

said letter to several persons. First to F who took it at once to read 

to Bertheuy, that he might communicate its contents to the Minister of 
Foreign Affairs, and, to-day, he had it translated for M. Rouher, the 
Minister of Commerce. The latter, who is certainly the most clever 
minister of the day, is furious against America, and if listened to, would 
make war to-morrow with that country, but he will not succeed in having 
his opinions supported, for the Foreign Minister, M. de Thouvenal, says 
that he never will put his name to an act which will be against America, 
as long as he is in power. 

" You may feel quiet about either England or France interfering for 
the present ; if there is any feeling of the kind, you may be sure I shall 
find it out, and will let you know it in time." 

This same letter of Mr. Hunnewell's was afterwards shown to the 
Emperor, and this, combined with other influences, all worked together 
for good, in favor of the North. 

The following year Mme. de La Valette wrote : 



Paris, Oct. 9th, 1862. 

" We dined with the Emperor, on Monday, and he spoke to 

me of America, for I sat at his left hand, and he expressed his deep 
regret for what is talcing place there. You can say in the papers, if you 
choose, that you know from a sure source that the Emperor of the 
French has none but friendly feelings for the States of America. 

For the present, we are absorbed in Polish affairs, and the Russians 
are giving us as much trouble as the South does you." 

Mme. de La Valette, with all her other accomplishments was a very 
clever business woman, and although she had so many demands, in other 
directions, upon her time and thoughts, she kept herself well informed 
upon these matters, also, and many of her letters show her rare insight 
into these subjects. 

During the financial difficulties of 1837, the Banking House of Welles 
& Co. were very much embarrassed, and it was said that the prompt 
action of Mme. Welles, afterwards Mme. de La Valette, saved it from 
failure. She went, herself, to the bank of France, and by representing 
the true state of affairs, secured a loan which tided them over their 

Jan. 29th, 1863. 

" You have no idea, dear H , how high Felix stands here, 

nor how honorable and clever he is considered. On Monday, we went to 
one of the little balls of the Empress, and her majesty talked an hour 
with Felix, to the great astonishment of one and all. It was quite 
amusing to the lookers on. The Empress wished Felix not to speak at 
the Senate, and exercised her influence, and let people see it. Felix told 
her he regretted not having a concession to make to her, but that he 
had determined beforehand, not to speak, unless he was called upon to 
defend himself." 



To her Cousin 

Paris, Feb. 13, 1863. 

" This, as you know, is my birth-day, and I am now an old lady, but 
thank God, my health is very good, much better than it was last year. 

S went out early this morning, and brought me an immense and 

beautiful bouquet of violets de Parme. F and I walked around to 

see the Princesse Mathilde, who had come to see me while I was out. 
She also gave me a bouquet of violets, which had just come in from St. 


and S- 

each gave me a medallion containing their 

miniatures, the most perfect likenesses I ever beheld. One medallion 
was surrounded by rubies and diamonds, the other by emeralds and 

Mme. de La Valette's son, the Count Welles de La V 
Aug II, 1863, Marie Sophie L6onie, daughter of M 
"Achilles of the French Cabinet, and the most giftecj 
Empire." ' She thus refers to the event : 

"The marriage of my dear S- 

Paris, Ai 
took place yesterd; 

nine o'clock at the Mairie, and the two religious marriage 
followed at the Senate; Monseigneur Coquereau for the Catnonc, ana ivi. 
Coquerel for the Protestant. The witnesses were M. Billault, Minister of 
State, Duke de Morny, President of the Corps Legislatif, Thouvenal, 
former Minister of Foreign Affairs, and M. Andre. Three Grand 
Cordon de la Legion d'Honneur, and the two fathers. Grand Cordon. 

The family, and a few of the friends of S , were present. After the 

ceremony the bride and her dpoux went away in our gala coupe, and all 
followed to M. Rouher's, where a wedding breakfast was prepared. 
S and L have gone to Boulogne for two or three days, and 

' The title of Marquis was conferred upon the Count Welles de La Valette upon his 
step-father's death in iS8i. 


Marquis de la Valette. — * 
Paris, July '11. — The Marqvus de la Vf 
lette, adopted sou o£ the Freuc.h rainlstt 
for foreigu affairs o£ lS(it>-0'.i, who recenti 
died, was horn lu Boston, United States, i 
1834. His original name was Samuc 
AVelles. On settliujj in France be becani 
manager of die Western Railway. He lia 
nrevioiisly been in the French dipiomati 
serTiee. He married a daughter of M. Itoi 
her. In 1SG3 he was naturalized, and was 
member of the corps legislatif of that dat 
until the fall of the empire, when he ri 
tired from public life. His wife wa 
burned to death last year, and his soi 
Napoleon Welles de la Valette, recenti 
lost his life in the Soudan. The manjui 
was a zealous Bonapartist. 


Paris, Oct. 9th, 1862. 

" We dined with the Emperor, on Monday, and he spoke to 

me of America, for I sat at his left hand, and he expressed his deep 
regret for what is taking place there. You can say in the papers, if you 
choose, that you know from a sure source that the Emperor of the 
French has none but friendly feelings for the States of America. 

For the present, we are absorbed in Polish affairs, and the Russians 
are giving us as much trouble as the South does you." 

Mme. de La Valette, with all her other accomplishments was a very 
clever business woman, and although she had so many demands, in other 
directions, upon her time and thoughts, she kept herself well informed 
upon these matters, also, and many of her letters show her rare insight 
into these subjects. 

During the financial difficulties of 1837, the Banking House of Welles 
& Co. were very much embarrassed, and it was said that the prompt 
action of Mme. Welles, afterwards Mme. de La Valette, saved it from 
failure. She went, herself, to the bank of France, and by representing 
the true state of affairs, secured a loan which tided them over their 

Jan. 29th, 1863. 

" You have no idea, dear H , how high Felix stands here, 

nor how honorable and clever he is considered. On Monday, we went to 
one of the little balls of the Empress, and her majesty talked an hour 
with Felix, to the great astonishment of one and all. It was quite 
amusing to the lookers on. The Empress wished Felix not to speak at 
the Senate, and exercised her influence, and let people see it. Felix told 
her he regretted not having a concession to make to her, but that he 
had determined beforehand, not to speak, unless he was called upon to 
defend himself." 

To her Cousin 


Paris, Feb. 13, 1863. 

3 5-, 

"This, as you know, is my birth-day, and I am now an old lady, but 
thank God, my health is very good, much better than it was last year. 

S went out early this morning, and brought me an immense and 

beautiful bouquet of violets de Parme. F and I walked around to § § - S ^ 

see the Princesse Mathilde, who had come to see me while I was out. tWo-j. 

She also gave me a bouquet of violets, which had just come in from St. 

Gratian. F and S each gave me a medallion containing their 

miniatures, the most perfect likenesses I ever beheld. One medallion 
was surrounded by rubies and diamonds, the other by emeralds and 

Mme. de La Valette's son, the Count Welles de La Valette, married 
Aug II, 1863, Marie Sophie L6onie, daughter of M. Rouher, the 
"Achilles of the French Cabinet, and the most gifted orator of the 
Empire." ' She thus refers to the event : 

Paris, Aug. 12, 1863. 

"The marriage of my dear S took place yesterday morning at 

nine o'clock at the Mairie, and the two religious marriages immediately 
followed at the Senate; Monseigneur Coquereau for the Catholic, and M. 
Coquerel for the Protestant. The witnesses were M. Billault, Minister of 
State, Duke de Morny, President of the Corps Legislatif, Thouvenal, 
former Minister of Foreign Affairs, and M. Andre. Three Grand 
Cordon de la Legion d'Honneur, and the two fathers, Grand Cordon. 

The family, and a few of the friends of S , were present. After the 

ceremony the bride and her ^poux went away in our gala coupe, and all 
followed to M. Rouher's, where a wedding breakfast was prepared. 
S and L have gone to Boulogne for two or three days, and 

• The title of Marquis was conferred upon the Count Welles de La Valette upon his 
step-father's death in 1881. 



from there will go to the Isle of Wight. They have had many presents, 

and among them many jewels." " Do for heaven's sake come 

to some understanding with the South. I would Hke to send 

some money to , but not one sou to her lazy son ! Adieu, dear 

H ; may God bless you and yours, is the constant prayer of your ever 

devoted cousin." 

Palais de Compiegne, Dec. lo, 1863. 

"We have been staying here since Sunday, and on Tuesday 

I received yours of the 23d Nov. . . . and now, dear cousin, a few words 
upon the life we lead here, which, although an imperial event, is as in- 
dependent as in any chateau. Our apartment is on the first floor, and 
includes ante-room and two bed rooms, communicating with each other. 
There is also a large cabinet with all appurtenances requisite, separated 
from the corridor by a passage, with "portmanteaux " in which to hang 
dresses. The corridor runs the whole length of this wing of the 
chateau. The rooms are hung with gray and lilac chintz ; the furniture, 
including chairs, are covered with the same, and all are comfortable. 
In the morning, every one takes tea or coffee or whatever they like in 
their room, and at a little before twelve we all unite in the drawing 
room, the ladies attired in fancy dresses, with short petticoats and boots, 
ready for a promenade. At twelve o'clock, the emperor and empress 
appear, and everyone rises at their entrance. They speak a few words 
to one or two, then the Emperor offers his arm to the Princesse Ma- 
thilde, the Empress to some ambassador, and then pass into the dining 
room, where we are generally ninety to one hundred persons. The 
Emperor sits opposite to the Empress, and the Princesse Mathilde on 
the right hand of the Emperor. This morning I was told by the pre- 
fect of the Palais, to take the left of the Emperor. Yesterday, at din- 
ner, I was told to take the left of Lord Cowley, the English ambassador, 
who was on the left of the Empress. We are not more than an hour 

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and a quarter at breakfast, after which we all return to the salon, in the 
same manner, two by two. About an hour later, we put on our hats 
ready for a drive, and the carriages, most of them with four and six 
horses, and all with postillions, with the 'liv>>e' of the Emperor, are drawn 
up in front of the chateau. Those who know each other drive together. 
When all are ready, with Piqueux 'en avant,' we set off for a 'prome- 
nade ' in the forest, or to visit something in the environs. We return 
at half-past four or five, and retire to our rooms. The Empress some- 
times invites you to take tea with her in her private salon, otherwise 
you take tea in your own room. At half-past seven, you return to the 
drawing room, dressed as for a great ball, with diamonds or pearls, 
rubies or emeralds. Some ladies wear a new dress every day, also new 
coiffure, but the least number for ten days is five. There are two 
of the best Paris coiffeuses here, and you send for them as you would in 
the city. At a few minutes before eight o'clock, the Emperor and 
Empress come into the room, the Emperor having the Prince Imperial 
by the hand. He walks around and speaks to their guests, as does the 
Empress. Afterwards the same ceremony is observed for going in and 
coming out from dinner. That meal finished, there is conversation with 
one and the other. The dancing begins in the first salon, an hour or so 
after the coffee, and those who choose can then retire into another salon. 
In a third, there is a whist table, where Lord Cowley, the Marquis, and 
two others, play until about half-past eleven or twelve o'clock. The 
Emperor and Empress join the ball and dance the Boulinque. This 
the Emperor does for exercise before going to bed. You cannot fancy 
anyone more gentlemanly, more simple, and yet more of a prince, than 
he ; quiet, calm, and although not handsome, has the most amiable and 
sweet smile. The Empress, lovely and gay, dresses to perfection, and 
is most affable and amiable. The little prince is a beautiful child, and 
resembles her. They say he is very clever, and idolizes his father, 
whose face illumines when he looks upon his son. 


" You will see from all this, my dear cousin, that I have not much 
time to write. Will you please therefore send this leaf to my sister 

E . The Marquis has gone to Paris, but I expect him back for 

dinner. He will have seen my son and his wife. It seems an age 
since I left them, notwithstanding all our pleasure." 

" We are to have the actors of the French Theatre on Sat- 
urday, to play a piece for the first time. The theatre is next the draw- 
ing room, and is very pretty. And now, adieu, dear H . May God 

bless you and yours, and although in the palace of the Kings of France, 
my heart like my affection is, if possible, more vivid and devoted to you, 
your old and ever attached cousin, Adeline." 

Mme. de La Valette, speaking of her husband about this time, said, 
"He has succeeded beyond his expectations, and is naturally pleased by 
it, for like all men, he enjoys power. The Emperor shows him great 
confidence, and evidently likes him. He wished to retire in January, 
but the Emperor begged him to remain, and M. Rouher said it would 
be impossible for him to remain, if F went out." 

From 1 865-1 867, the Marquis was Minister of the Interior, and the 
tact and moderation which he showed in the use of his power, at this 
time, was indeed worthy of note. 

In November of the year 1867, he became a member of the Conseil 
Priv6, and the following year. Minister of Foreign Affairs. Of this Mme. 
de La Valette writes, " Felix, as I have already told you, goes down to 
Compiegne on the 7th. There his position will be arranged, and he 
will take Foreign Affairs. It makes me miserable, when I think of it, 
notwithstanding the public, 'en masse,' call him there; but I cannot 
advise him against it, as my life is so uncertain. If I should go, and he 
remain, without a serious occupation, I do not know what would become 
of him." 

A letter dated at Paris, June 3, 1868, again refers to the extremely 


delicate state of her health, and speaking of her long residence abroad, 
she says, " Although I have lived here the greater part of my life, I 
have, at times, a longing to go and die where my boy was born, and 
where I have relatives.'" 

In 1870 the Marquis was sent as Ambassador to the Court of St. 
James, when the height of his ambition was reached ; but this honor 
came too late for his wife to enjoy it, she having died previously while 
they were residing in the hdtel of the Minister of Foreign Affairs, March 
21, 1869. 

In addition to these afore-named offices, which the Marquis held, he 
was promoted Grand Officier of the Legion d'Honneur in 1853, Grand 
Croi.x in 1861, and received the Prussian order of the Black Eagle in 1866. 

"This most successful political career of her husband naturally grati- 
fied Mme. de La Valette extremely, and that she contributed to it largely 
by her rare business qualifications and gracious presence, there can be 
no doubt." 

Her husband, alluding to his overwhelming grief at her decease, thus 
pays a loving tribute to her memory. " I have indeed lost a companion, 
so tender, so devoted, so good, and so wise, that I cannot bear to think 
of what the future will be without her." 

It can be truly said of her, " None knew her but to love her." 

The Marquis died May 4, 1881. 

'The Marquis de La Valette throughout his public life invariably used his influence 
in the cause of peace. He always had a great deal of influence with the Emperor, but 
naturally he could speak more freely on political matters with the Empress. At one 
time before the Franco-Prussian war, when the Marquis and Empress were conversing 
together on the possibility of war being declared, the hush which followed the entrance 
of the Emperor into the room, made him inquire what was the subject of conversation. 
This gave the Marquis an opportunity to give him his own views on the subject, which 
were contrary to the Emperor's. After the disasters of the war, he acknowledged 
to de La Valette that it would have been far better if he had followed his advice. 

The father of the Marquis, M. Jean L. A. de Valette, was the Receveur Generate at 
Grenoble when Napoleon I. landed at St. Raphael. Napoleon was, at that time, without 
money and without army, and the Receveur made over the contents of the treasury 
into his hands. This transaction was the beginning of his success. 


Rebecca Boylston Fowle was the second child of Edmund, by his 
second wife, Huldah (Curtis) Fowle, and was a niece of Captain John 
Fowle. She was born in Watertown, Mass., Oct. 27, 1786, and her 
middle name, Boylston, was given her for Miss Boylston, who married 
Moses Gill, afterwards governor of Massachusetts. Miss Fowle was a 
frequent guest under their hospitable roof, which stood, in those days, 
on the present site of the Parker House, in School Street, Boston. 

The Gills entertained a great deal, and Miss Fowle enjoyed her visits 
with them so much, that there is a tradition in her family, that as a girl, 
she used to keep her trunk in readiness to visit them whenever an 
opportunity presented itself. A close intimacy existed, always, between 
herself and her cousin, Harriet Fowle, afterwards Mrs. William Smith. 
She was about thirteen years old when Gen. Washington died, and she 
marched, upon that occasion, with her school mates, through the streets 
of Watertown, each child wearing a mourning badge on the shoulder. 
Rebecca Fowle married, November 7, 1810, Joseph Putnam Bradlee, 
who was born May 17, 1783, in Boston, Massachusetts. 

Mr. Bradlee was a merchant in that city, and resided after his marriage 
in Franklin Place, where he and Mrs. Bradlee entertained their friends 
with generous hospitality. 

Mr. Bradlee died Feb. 19, 1838, but his family continued to live in 
Franklin Place for about twenty years longer, until the progress of busi- 
ness made the location for a home undesirable, and they were at last 
obliged to leave the house which had been the birth-place of all but one 
of the seven children. They then moved to 17 Ashburton Place, which 
has since been the family residence. 


Mrs. Bradlee is described, by those who knew her well, as bright and 
cheerful in disposition, never allowing herself nor those around her to be- 
come despondent. She was generous, true and loyal to every trust, 
and remarkably self-reliant throughout her long life of active usefulness. 

She died, Dec. i, 1871. 

Mr. Bradlee was actively interested in public affairs, and many promi- 
nent men in Boston, knowing his good judgment in such matters, were 
always ready to aid him in charities and works of public benefit. He 
was one of the original members of the Horticultural Society, which was 
instrumental in buying Mt. Auburn, at first called " Sweet Auburn." 
At the time it was planned, there was no ornamental cemetery, deserving 
of notice, in the United States. 

Mr. Bradlee was chosen one of a committee of twenty, of whom Samuel 
Appleton, Edward Everett, Abbott Lawrence, Joseph Story and Daniel 
Webster, were members, "to report on a general plan of proceeding" 
and to raise the requisite money to purchase land for this object. 

In a short time, three quarters of the amount was obtained, and the 
remainder was procured, chiefly, through the exertions of Mr. Bradlee. 


JosxAH Putnam Bradlee, born in Boston, Mass., June lo, i8i7,wasthe 
fifth child of Joseph Putnam and Rebecca (Fowle) Bradlee. His mother 
was a daughter of Edmund and niece of Captain John Fowle. He was 
educated in the private schools of Boston, and also had his first business 
employment in that city with Joseph Baker & Son, a South American 
house on Central wharf. 

Later he became treasurer of the Ballardvale Woolen Mills, near 
Andover, Mass. As this company did not succeed under the then- 
existing management, it was re-organized, Mr. Bradlee continuing to be 
its treasurer. In this position he not only saved his own interest from 
loss, but the interest of other stockholders as well, and eventually took 
the property into his own hands, and paid all indebtedness for the 

In the management of this property, he always made the interests 
of the operatives his own, and strikes were unknown among them. 
He established, for their benefit, evening schools, also fitted and repaired 
the several churches of different denominations in the village, and in 1878 
gave a public library containing about seventeen hundred volumes, for 
the free use of the men and their families. The fabric manufactured 
at Ballardvale has a wide reputation, and became the source of a large 
income to Mr. Bradlee. 

In politics he was prominent as a whig, being chairman of the State 
Central Committee. 

In early life Mr. Bradlee was commander of the New England Guards, 
and he would often review the men in front of his father's house in 
Franklin Place, as they stopped to procure the banner which the com- 


pany kept there. When Mr. Bradlee resigned his position, he was pre- 
sented by them with a handsome service of silver. 

During our Civil War, he was devoted to the interests of the Union, 
although physically unable to take the field. His strictly public work 
for Boston was in its City Councils, and as director of its Public Institu- 
tions, of which he assumed partial care in i86i, remaining in this position 
for sixteen years, ten of which acting as its president. 

In that time, Mr. Bradlee was chiefly instrumental in re-organizing the 
system of conducting these institutions, and he did it on humanitarian 
and business principles. These were considered so good, that they 
were continued even after his death. 

" He was the first who succeeded in making the House of Correction 
self-supporting, at the same time making it a correctional, not a strictly 
penal institution." He also made improvements in the care and treat- 
ment of the insane. 

One of the greatest disappointments of his life was the non-support 
of the City Council for the establishment of the city's hospital for the 
insane at Winthrop Head. He was a member of the Common Council 
from 1847 fo 1849. ^rid again from 1858 to 1S60, acting for the two 
latter years as its president. 

He was always very much interested in humanitarian and charitable 
works, and all through his life gave liberally to such objects. By his 
generosity over one hundred youths were placed on the life list of the 
Young Men's Christian Union, and at his death, which occurred Feb. 2, 
1887, the greater part of his large fortune he left to charitable institutions. 

Mr. Bradlee's grandfather, Josiah Bradlee, married Hannah Putnam, a niece of the 
general of the same name. She went to see her uncle at Bunker Hill at the time they 
were preparing for battle in Charlestown, and when it was tirqe for her to leave, Gen- 
eral Putnam called a young man from the ranks to escort her in safety past the lines, 
and it is reasonable to suppose that his care extended beyond the lines, as he afterwards 
married her. 




Capt. Phineas' Cooke married, March i, 175-, 
ABIGAIL DURANT, daughter of Dr. Ed- 
ward* Durant, of Newton, Mass. 
Their children were : 

Marj^ Cooke, married Capt. John Fowie of 
Watertown, Mass. 

Daniel' Cooke, died young. 

Artemas'-* Cooke, died young. 

Ann (Nancy)' Cooke, married Capt. Joseph Bliss 
of Haverhill, N. H. 

Daniel' Cooke, married ist, Sarah Nutting, — 2d, 
Dorothy Nutting. 

Abigail' Cooke, married ist, ■ Howard, — 2d, 

John Leathe. 

Sarah' Cooke, married Stephen Swift, of Cor- 
inth, N. H. 

Susanna' Cooke, married Dr. Walter Hunnewell, 
of Watertown, Mass. 

The two earliest settlers of the name of Durant, in America, who are 
known to have descendants now living, were John Durant, settled in 
Billerica, Mass., in 1659, and George Durant, settled in Middletown, 
Conn., in 1663. 

It was from George Durant, that Mrs. Capt. John Fowle, Mrs. Dr. 
Walter Hunnewell, Mrs. Swift, and Mrs. Bliss, were descended. George 
Durant apparently came from Maldon, County Essex, England, where 
his ancestors settled about 1570, being Huguenot refugees from France. 

He had one son, Edward,^ born June 2, 1661, according to some 
records. This son moved from Middletown, and settled in Boston, July 
9, 1694, and bought the Inn "At the Sign of the Lamb," with a con- 
siderable tract of land running back to Mason Street, which was then 



the line of the Common. This is now the site of the Adams House on 
Washington Street. In 1732 Edward' Durant, who was born March 2, 
1694-5, and was the fourth child of Edward, and grandson of George 
Durant, bought thirty-one acres of land in Newton, for eighteen hundred 
pounds. This property included nearly the whole of Nonantum Hill,^ 
and the site recently chosen for the monument commemorating Rev. 
John Elliot's preaching to the Indians. On the summit he built a sub- 
stantial house, which is still standing on Waverly Avenue, near corner 
of Kenrick Avenue. He also owned several pieces of property in Bos- 
ton, among others the land on the corner of Washington and Winter 
Streets, now assessed as the most valuable in Boston. He married at 
the first church in that city, in the year 1715, Judith Waldo, "sister of 
the Waldo who gave the name and strain to Ralph Waldo Emerson." 
He died in Newton, Oct. 4, 1740. His son. Dr. Edward* Durant, grad- 
uated from Harvard College in 1735, and married Anne Jackson. 

Three generations of the name of Durant occupied the pew in the 
" Old South " Church, which bears the family name in the plan of 1730, 
a copy of which is preserved with other relics in the old building. 

Abigail,* daughter of Dr. Edward' Durant, was born in Newton, about 
1740, and she married, March i, 175-, Capt. Phineas Cooke. 

A widely prevalent tradition has it that she was a large and very 
handsome woman, having beautiful eyes which were very keen and 
piercing. She had bright and versatile capacity, and was extremely 
ambitious. She passed the latter years of her life with her daughter, 
Mrs. Dr. Hunnewell, of Watertown, Mass., where she died about the 
year 1820. 

Her great grandson, Henry Welles Smith, afterwards took her maiden 
name of Durant. 

' Nonantum was the first civilized and Christian settlement of Indians within the Eng- 
lish colonies of North America, and the first Civil Laws enacted in this country for the 
regulation of the Aborigines were made for them. 


Henry Fowle Durant, who changed his name from Henry Welles 
Smith, was the second son of William and Harriet (Fowle) Smith, and 
grandson of Capt. John Fowle. He was born in Hanover, N. H., Feb. 
20, 1822, where he passed the first years of his boyhood. When quite 
young he was sent for a year to the academy at Peacham, Vt., and at 
the age of twelve went to Mr. and Mrs. Ripley's famous school in Wal- 
tham, Mass., where he remained for three years while fitting for college. 
Mrs. Ripley was a fine Greek scholar, and " it was largely to her good 
mind and fine scholarship that Mr. Durant attributed the rousing of his 
faith in the high intellectual powers of woman." 

He laughingly related of her, afterwards, that "she used to hold her 
own baby, shell peas, and hear him recite in Greek, all at the same 
moment, without dropping an accent, or particle, or boy, or pea pod, or 
the baby." 

While in Harvard, his tastes led him to spend much of his time in the 
College library, for he found that this was the most profitable thing for 
him to do. He was devoted to Greek, and was a good French scholar, 
but cared less for Latin. " He worked hard under Lord Erskine's tutors, 
Milton and Shakespeare," and received the utmost benefit from the vast 
educating influence of the fine library. Mr. Durant said of himself, 
" I studied immensely the last part of the time I was in Cambridge, and 
to great advantage. I had but few recitations, and saw scarcely anyone, 
so that I had plenty of time." He made full and critical studies of the 
poets of the nations, and his own poetic compositions were of service to 
him in later years, mainly as close practice in writing. 


His word drill, for "he sought the means of enriching, beautifying 
and enforcing, thoughts common-place," which was begun in his later 
College years, was continued even after he was in active professional 

Being so decidedly poetical in his temperament, he was much averse 
to his destined study of the law, to which he referred in a letter to a 
friend as "that horrid dream of a legal profession." 

It was remarked, however, that his keen eye for legal business was 
opened even in his early college days, for he was found to be very ob- 
serving in such matters. 

After graduating at Harvard in 1841, at the age of nineteen, he en- 
tered his father's law office in Lowell, and he wrote to a friend about 
this time of his plans. " I shall study law for the present to oblige 
father ; he is in some trouble and I wish to make him as happy as pos- 
sible. The future course of my life is undetermined, except that all 
shall yield to holy poetry. Indeed it is a sacred duty. I have begun 
studying law ; don't be afraid, however, that I intend to give up poetry. 
I shall always be a worshiper of that divinity, and I hope in a few 
years to be able to give up everything and be a priest in her temple." 

A twelvemonth in a law office made him say to a friend, " I have not 
written any poetry this whole summer. Old Mrs. Themis says that I 
shall not visit any more at the Miss Muses. I'll see the old catamaran 
hanged though, but what I will, and I'll write a sonnet to my old shoe 
directly, out of mere desperation. Pity and sympathize with me." 

Mr. Durant was admitted to the bar eighteen months after leaving 
college, just after his twenty-first birthday, in the spring of 1843. He 
continued in Lowell, working in his father's office, until the spring of 
1846. "It was impossible to imagine a school better fitted, than this, 
to develop any latent talent for business, and for breaking up any tend- 
ency toward literary tastes." It was the demand of the hour that the 
poet should plunge into the work of the courts, where ready money was 


to be obtained, for as Mr. Durant said himself, " In the drudgery of a law 
office I have found that riches are important." It is difficult to deter- 
mine how much Mr. Durant owed to being in his father's office, and how 
much the office owed to him in regard to the methods of conducting 
cases. He was a very close student of his profession, not only diligent 
but devoted to study. During part of the time Mr. Durant was reading 
law in Lowell, Mr. Benjamin F. Butler was a partner of his father. Mr. 
Durant and Mr. Butler were never partners, though such a statement is 
sometimes made. 

In the spring of 1846, Mr. Durant formed a partnership with Mr. 
Joseph Bell of Boston, and their office was in the north-east corner of 
the old State House. It was about this time that he changed his name 
from Henry Welles Smith, taking the two family names of Fowle and 
Durant, instead. This step seemed almost imperative, as another 
lawyer, bearing the same name, Henry W. Smith, often received his 
letters and private correspondence. This, combined with other reasons, 
decided him to make the change, and so avoid trouble in the future. In 
August of the same year in which Mr. Durant formed a partnership 
with Mr. Bell, he also formed one with his father, thus between the two 
firms he did business in both Suffolk and Middlesex counties. 

He was introduced to Mr. Bell, and to his brother-in-law, Hon. Rufus 
Choate, by his uncle, Mr. A. G. Britton, of Orford, N. H., a life-long 
friend of Mr. Bell. Mr. Britton interested these gentlemen in his 
promising young nephew, and they soon recognized in him much ability. 
This partnership with Mr. Bell gave Mr. Durant, at the outset, a re- 
spectable standing at the Suffolk bar, and it was severed only by the 
failing health of the senior. Mr. Durant was naturally thrown before 
the notice of Mr. Choate, Mr. Bell's brother-in-law, who watched him 
with interest, and often employed him as junior counsel, finding he 
proved so serviceable. " As Mr. Durant had learned to perfection, in 
Middlesex County, the mechanics of the law, he learned from Mr. Choate, 


the great leader of Suffolk County, new lessons in the art of advocacy. 
For points in respect to the hypothesis upon which to present a case, 
he was particularly indebted to him, so that when he came to take a 
leading part in contests, his pronounced individuality had much more 
force on account of his wonderful power to profit by varied schooling. 
"Mr. Durant was one of the hardest working men of his time, having 
formed in his youth the habit of industry, and he became a perfect slave 
to the rule ' if you wish anything well done, do it yourself.' His genius, 
which many believed to be of the highest order, was primarily a genius 
for labor." 

He tried absolutely no cases except upon exhaustive preparation. 
"At the Middlesex bar, he was always in his place, and always alert. 
He had few associates, every hour of his time being absorbed by his 
profession. He apparently took little notice of current questions of the 
day." Sometimes he was genial, and sometimes icy, often pre-occupied, 
absorbed, intense, and perhaps imperious, mysteriously making up a 
case, presenting it, and then retiring, only to re-appear when he had a 
new case to win ; never really happy unless undertaking some work 
of surpassing difficulty, which might fully tax all his powers. It was 
said of him that he was more frequently employed in what were con- 
sidered desperate cases than any other lawyer of his time. An eminent 
man in his profession said of him that 'he was the most persistent, 
persistent, persistent, man he ever saw.' " 

Cases of which he did not feel certain he tried to have settled in the 
office. But in spite of this, he often found himself compelled to take 
tremendous risks in the court room, and not infrequently, by virtue of 
his knowledge of human nature, and the workings of the mind of the 
opposing counsel, he secured his victories, by absolutely wresting them 
from his opponents. 

His devices to rid himself of what he thought to be bad cases would 
prove very amusing. Sometimes he played them off on his opponents 


as huge practical jokes, of course having the laugh to himself. Mr. 
Durant was wonderfully clever in the original way he managed cases, 
and was indefatigable in their preparation. He was adroit and dexterous 
in cross-examination. For example, in the horse railway case where a 
little child had been run over on Sudbury Street. His theory was that 
the driving was too fast, carelessly fast ; but the ability of corporations 
to bring evidence is often astounding, and in this case it was so strong 
that the driving was slow, that Mr. Durant turned around in an instant, 
and in the cross-examination took the theory that the man was driving 
slowly. In his polite way, he obtained the statement from the willing 
witnesses of the company that the car was moving little faster than a 
walk. Ques. — "What is your business ?" Ans. — "To drive horse cars." 
Ques. — "Could you see all the way down the street ? " Ans. — " Yes." 
Ques. — "Were you looking up at the sides of the street, or at the win- 
dows .-'" Ans. — "No." " Then you try to make the court believe that 
going slowly, and seeing the track, you deliberately walked your horses 
over this child.'" Of course the effect upon the jury was conclusive. 

Mr. Durant had great discernment in his power to see the point at 
issue, and faculty in throwing light upon it to make it clear to the judge, 
and also had great adroitness in concealing his point from his opponents 
until he wished to bring out his climax. 

As Hon. Rufus Choate grew older, and his health became more and 
more broken, suffering as he did from terrible headaches, Mr. Durant 
who had worked much with him as junior counsel, would often take up 
the case where Mr. Choate dropped it, and carry it forward, to the per- 
fect satisfaction of his senior and his client, as in the notable case of 
the Shaw v. Worcester Railroad. Mr. Durant was called to the argu- 
ment, in less than a day's notice, with a former trial and a fifteen thou- 
sand dollar verdict in his face. The case stood at first with Mr. Choate 
and Mr. Durant for plaintiff, and Judge Hoar, Judge Gray and Mr. 
Butler for defendant. 


Mr. Shaw, driving on the highway, accompanied by his wife and 
others, in crossing a track on the Worcester Railroad, was struck by a 
passing train. He was killed, and his wife seriously injured. 

His family claimed that the accident was owing to the negligence of 
the company, while they, in their turn, asserted that the man was in- 

One of the employees of the railroad, upon being cross-examined, was 
asked where he lived. He answered, "Boston." "Did you name the 
street .' " " I don't know as it is any of your business." The court said 
he must answer. " Has the street a name .'' " " I don't know as it has." 
"Are the houses on the street numbered.'" "I don't know." "Tell 
me where it begins and where it ends ? " " It goes from State Street 
to Dock Square." "What is the name of the house you stop in .? " 
" The Bite Tavern." The Bite Tavern was the worst gambling house 
in the city. Upon the question being raised, whether the bell was 
rung, the company offered a thermometric observation, showing that it 
was a clear cold night. Rev. Dr. William Barrows, one of the witnesses 
for the plaintiff, not having forgotten his physics, went out and procured 
a book on the subject, and brought it into court. He read from Olm- 
stead's standard work, that sound travels best when the air is laden with 
moisture. Mr. Durant dwelt upon this fact. For the interest of the 
corporation it had been sworn that a full minute had elapsed from the 
time Shaw started to cross the track until he was struck by the engine, 
and that the fault was his. In the intense excitement of the court, Mr. 
Durant raised the question, "How far can a man go in a minute, say 
around the court room ?" He paused in his vehement argument. " What 
is a minute ? Have people generally an exact idea of the length of a 
minute.' I ask the court, the jury, and others, to take out their 
watches, and see how long a minute is, here and now." The jury, the 
court, the opposing counsel, the bar, and the crowded audience, to a 
man, took out their watches. "I will tell you when to begin to measure 


the time, and when to end." All was still as death; it seemed an 
hour, or as one said, an age. It was apparent that Shaw could not 
have stood there in front of the head light all that time. 

At a point, near the close of his argument, he made a sudden transi- 
tion. " In a case so clear as this, you would all say, if you gave expres- 
sion to your judgment, that it would be in favor of your client, but clear 
as it seems to you, the verdict will be lost. If the ends of justice only 
were to be served, there could not be found twelve men, who after hear- 
ing the testimony, would not bring a verdict for my client, but I feel 
that with this jury, the award will not be made. There is one among 
your number who will defeat it." The jury, the court, the audience, 
were thunderstruck. The court asked if counsel was understood to 
imply that anyone had tampered with the jury. Mr. Durant waited 
quietly. The court, the counsel, the audience, began to pierce the jury. 
One juryman turned pale. Mr. Durant finally answered the question 
of the court, "No, I do not, but if the question had been asked at the 
last trial, it would have been answered that a man had been placed upon 
the jury to defeat the verdict." The flurry was over, Mr. Durant had 
been fully equal to the occasion. The frightened juryman joined the 
eleven, and brought in a verdict for twenty-one thousand dollars. 

It is related of him that once when an insurance company claimed 
that a gas explosion was not a fire, Mr. Durant proposed to have a gas 
stove brought in, and invite the directors to sit on it ! 

One of Mr. Durant's finest speeches was made in the Elliot school 
case, on the use of the bible in public schools. He also made a few 
public addresses. One before the Mercantile Library Association on 
James Otis, another at Bowdoin College, on the "American Scholar," 
which was a commencement oration, and another on the " Influence of 
Rural Life." 

In 1848, Mr. Durant was invited to make his home with his aunt, Mrs. 
Benjamin Wiggin, with whom he was a great favorite. She lived at 


that time at 5 Pemberton Square, and he remained with her for several 
years. May 23, 1854, Mr. Durant married his cousin Pauline AdeHne 
Fowle, the only child then living of Col. John Fowle. In the year fol- 
lowing his marriage he bought a summer place at Wellesley, then called 
West Needham, and with it a considerable tract of land, to which he 
afterwards made additions, from time to time. Mr. and Mrs. Durant 
had two children, a son and a daughter, Henry Fowle, and Pauline 
Cazenove ; the latter died in infancy, and the former, who was born 
March 2, 1855, died in his ninth year, July 3, 1863. After this great 
shock, the whole trend of Mr. Durant's life was changed. From that 
time forward he determined to renounce all worldly ambition, and con- 
secrate himself, his time, and his money, wholly "to the service of God." 
The practice of the law, which had never been in accordance with his 
tastes, became more and more irksome to him, with his changed ideal 
of life. As he afterwards remarked, " the law and the gospel are 
diametrically opposed." A fortnight after his son's death, he disposed 
of his law business and valuable law library, in order to devote himself 
entirely to religious and philanthropic pursuits. Many of his friends 
tried to persuade him to enter the ministry, but he believed he could 
accomplish more by lay preaching, to which he gave much time for 
several years. His plans for other work gradually began to take form 
and shape. Mr. Durant saw, as he studied into the subject of education, 
that while the teaching of the country was more and more passing into 
the hands of women, many of them came to the work very poorly pre- 
pared, their opportunities for study not being equal to those of men. 
He, therefore, decided to establish an institution which should be 
particularly devoted to the higher education of women. From this 
beginning, Wellesley College gradually took form and shape. In the 
meantime, Mr. Durant thought it wisest to prepare financially for this 
great undertaking, by laying aside, every year, a portion of his income 
from the great business concerns with which he was connected. On the 


i8th August, 1871, the first stone of Wellesley College was laid by Mrs. 
Durant. After that the work went steadily on, and every brick and 
every stone was laid under the personal supervision of Mr. Durant. On 
Sept. 8th, 1875, without any public ceremony, the College was openedfor 
students, and, from that day to this, has been a marked success. The 
number of applicants, yearly, is largely in excess of the accommodation 
afforded, notwithstanding that the number of buildings belonging to the 
College is constantly increasing. Mr. Durant spent over one-half million 
of dollars on the main building. It is situated in the midst of a beauti- 
ful park in Wellesley, containing about two hundred acres, and on the 
borders of Lake Waban. Mr. Durant took no title in connection with 
the college, except treasurer of the board of trustees. 

The following letter, written to an intimate friend during the period 
of its construction, perhaps gives an insight into his feeling in regard to 
this matter. "I am hard at work building the Wellesley Female Semi- 
nary. Will you not pray that it may be the means of educating Chris- 
tian teachers, and that, above all, I may have a single eye to the glory 
of our Heavenly Father." His dying instructions were, that no picture, 
statue, or bust of himself, should be placed in any public room of the 
College, as it was consecrated not to him, but to God. 

Those who knew Mr. Durant intimately, say that, combined with his 
great strength of character, he had the tenderness and gentleness of a 



CAPT. PHIjVEAS' COOKE, of the Revolution- 
ary Army, married, March i, 175-. Abigail 
DuRANT, daughter of Dr. Edward'' Durant, 
of Newton, Mass. 
Their children were : 

Mary- Cooke, married Capt. John Fowle, of 
Watertown, Mass. 

DanieF Cooke, died young. 

Artemas^ Cooke, died young. 

Ann (Nancy)' Cooke, married Capt. Joseph Bliss, 
of Haverhill, N. H. 

Daniel' Cooke, married ist, Sarah Nutting, — 2d, 
Dorothy Nutting. 

Abigail' Cooke, married, Howard, — 2d, 

John Leathe. 

Sarah' Cooke, married Stephen Swift, of Cor- 
inth, N. H. 

Susanna' Cooke, married Dr. Walter Hunnewell, 
of Watertow^n , Mass. 

In some of the old records of Watertown, Massachusetts, it is stated 
that in the year 1672, Jeremiah Dummer sold to one Gregory Cooke, of 
Cambridge, one hundred and twelve acres of land, lying partially in 
(Angier's Corner), Cambridge, and partially in Watertown. This pro- 
perty included house and barn and wier lands, and Jeremiah Dummer 
received forty-five pounds for it. Gregory Cooke was a constable in 
Cambridge Village in 1667, also owned about forty acres of land in 
Mendon, and was selectman of that town in 1669 and 1670. He had 
one son Stephen, born in 1647, and upon his father's decease (in 1690- 
91), he adnihiistered upon his estate, which was appraised, April 7, 
1691, at ^191 I IS. 


Stephen married Rebecca Flagg. " He built a grist-mill on his land 
near Smelt Brook," which he conveyed in 1733 to his son Stephen. 
Stephen, the elder, died in Newton in 1738, "and his large estates 
came into possession of his grandsons, Stephen and Daniel." 

Daniel's father deeded the homestead to him in 1735, which was pro- 
bably the one occupied by his grandfather Gregory. Daniel Cooke 
" left his large estates to his nephew, Capt. Phineas Cooke, as his own 
three sons had died previously to him." 

Capt. Phineas was a son of Daniel Cooke's brother Samuel, and was 
born June 7, 1736, at Canterbury, Windham Co., Conn., and married in 
175- Abigail Durant of Newton, daughter of Dr. Edward and Anne 
(Jackson) Durant. In the year following his marriage he built a house 
in his wife's native town, on the corner of Centre and Pearl Streets, 
which is standing at the present day. This same house was owned 
and occupied by General Hull after the war. Phineas Cooke was cap- 
tain of a company of minute men, raised in 1773, which was under com- 
mand of Michael Jackson, and "did good service in the battles of Lex- 
ington and Concord, and for their brave conduct received the thanks of 
General Warren.'" 

At a meeting held December 20, 1773, Phineas Cooke was chosen as 
one of fifteen to " confer with the inhabitants of the town as to the ex- 
pediency of leaving off buying, selling, or using any of the Indian teas." 

• Captain Phineas Cooke's relative, John Cooke, lived in a house on the north side of 
the river bank in Watertown, which was contiguous to the old wier lands of the town. 
This house was situated on ground belonging from the earliest settlement to the Cooke 


" Here John Cooke lived during the Revolution, and some of the oflScers of our army 
boarded with him at the time of the siege, of whom Colonel Knox and Henry Jackson, 
bosom friends, enjoyed each other's companionship during brief intervals of rest. It 
was probably to this place that Knox brought his wife. In a chamber of this house, 
Paul Revere engraved his plates, and, assisted by John Cooke, struck oft" the Colony 
notes, emitted by order of the Provincial Congress, It is stated that Benjamin Edes 
first stopped at this house, when he escaped from Boston, and that the first number of 
the Boston Gazette and Country Journal was issued from here." 


In a deed recorded April 4, 1783, Phineas Cooke acknowledges the 
receipt of five hundred and nineteen pounds " lawful money," paid him 
by his son-in-law John Fowle (who married his oldest daughter Mary), 
for a piece of land lying in Newton. 

Capt. Phineas Cooke, who died January 12, 1784, was the last one of 
the name who possessed his ancestor Gregory Cooke's old house. In- 
ventory of his estate, loi acres of land and two houses, valued at 
X1866: 16: o. 




Capt. Phineas' Cooke married, March i, 175-1 
Abigail Durant, daughter of Dr. Edward* 
Durant, of Newton, Mass. 
Their children were : 

Mar^^ Cooke, married Capt. John Fowle, of 
Watertown, Mass. 

DanieP Cooke, died young. 

Artemas^ Cooke, died young. 

ANN (NANCY)' COOKE, married CAPT. JO- 
SEPH BLISS, of Haverhill, N. H. 

DanieF Cooke, married ist, Sarah Cutting, — 2d, 
Dorothy Nutting. 

Abigail^ Cooke, married ist, Howard, — 2d, 

John Leathe. 

Sarah' Cooke, married Stephen Swift, of Cor- 
inth, N. H. 

Susanna' Cooke, married Dr. Walter Hunnewell, 
of Watertown, Mass. 

" Louisa Bliss, daughter of Capt. Joseph* and Nancy (Cooke), 
was born in June of 1791. She married, March 27, 18 10, Arthur 
Livermore,! then Chief Justice of New Hampshire. She was educated 
at Mrs. Rawson's well known school in Newton, Mass., and in Medford, 
where her musical talent was cultivated, for she was possessed of a won- 
derfully correct ear, and a voice of rare sweetness and expression. 
"Mrs. Wiggin enabled her in her youth to see somewhat of society in 
Boston, but from the day of her early marriage, her life was (perhaps 

* Capt. Joseph Bliss " was of perfectly authenticated descent " from Thomas Bliss, of 
Belstone Parish, Devonshire, England, born about the year 1555. Capt. Joseph Bliss 
■was " one of the two sons of his father who embraced the cause of the Revolution, 
while the other adhered to that of the King." 

t Arthur Livermore's father, Samuel Livermore, was also Chief Justice of New 
Hampshire, his oflTice being given him by George I. of England. 


unhappily) secluded, and her duties upon the great farm in Holdcrness, 
from which the public engagements of the master required him to be 
absent a large part of the time, were rather exacting. She seldom 
crossed the wide rough country that separated her from those who 
might have ministered to her early tastes, and was as seldom visited by 
them. Her care extended over the multitude of chambers and corri- 
dors of a large, picturesque, ancestral, and incommodious house, its 
crypts and ofifices. It embraced the feeding and lodging, through sum- 
mer at least, of a dozen laborers, and the not less arduous manage of 
a staff of unteachable serving-women, and of a still wilder growth of 
children, knowing no law but the promptings of animal life. Then 
there was the wool, that had to be parcelled out by her to the numerous 
women, who, each in her way, would convert it into rolls, yarn, and 
webs, in many varieties, till it was sent to the fullers and dyers, to be, 
by their respective arts, made ready for the various uses demanded by 
domestic exigencies. As her orders, throughout all these stages, were, 
in general, misunderstood, forgotten, or deliberately set aside as unrea- 
sonable, this was a sorely trying business. In the spring, maple sugar 
was brought to the house, in purchase of pork, which always abounded 
there. Under her direction and anxious supervision, the fat of oxen 
was shaped into candles, and that of swine stored in many firkins. 
Redundant apples were boiled to blackness in as redundant cider ; while 
mince pies, and sausages unmeasured, were committed to the safe keep- 
ing of the winter's frost. The care of fowls was abandoned at an early 
day, and eggs and chickens, for the table, were in the nature of waif and 
treasure-trove. A drove of turkeys were bought about the early snow- 
fall, and were fed with corn, till in due succession they took the way of 
all turkeys. Servants were honest, but for want of intelligence, in those 
times, scarcely to be trusted in the details of their duties, and it was 
this that made the position of the head of administration hard and 


" At large intervals of time, visits were interchanged between her 
and some of the select women of the vicinage, and tea, drop-cakes, and 
waffles, cheered the adventurous visitor. The lame old parson came, on 
alternate Sundays, to the church which had been built upon the farm, 
for the sacred uses, to which an unfinished part of the house had been, 
during a number of years, devoted. He dismounted at the house, and 
dined there, of course ; for it had been for fourteen years his home, and 
its stores, during that time, had yielded him food and clothing, as to one 
of the family, or as the priests of Egypt were maintained from those of 
Pharaoh. One can hardly frame a kinder wish in behalf of a lover of 
the picturesque, than that he might have a clear and just idea of Parson 
F. and his two little congregations. His black coat, white cravat, 
banns, and Sunday vestments, with the aid of the habitual reserve of 
the man who has nothing to say, created a general belief that he had 
great learning. His discourse was not lively, and he was very deaf, yet 
his appearance, which except in foul weather was very regular, gave a 
sort of cadence to the long drawn time, and was not unwelcome. His 
ritual was rather perfunctory than emotional, and his sermons were 
exempt from all sensational art. The eucharist was celebrated on 
Christmas at the Livermore church, and at Easter at Squam, but at no 
other time. 

" To say that all these people loved and honored Mrs. Livermore, is 
to speak their praise as much as hers. The Holderness place, more- 
over, was pleasant to see. Its footpaths through the forest, and by the 
fair river, and among fresh fountains ; the tall pines, and the song of the 
wood-thrush that inhabited their heights ; the drives through winding 
shaded roads ; and the society of lakes and mountains within its pur- 
lieus, were all much enjoyed by her, when she could rest from her cares. 

"But after all, did the austerities of life prevail, and did 'too quick a 
sense of constant infelicity ' gain access and lodgment in her heart ? If 
so, they brought no bitterness, nor made her less thoughtful for others, 


nor less dignified than those who most loved her would have had her 
to be." 

In 182S, Judge Livcrmore retired with his family from Holderness, to 
a smaller place afterwards known as Cragie Burn, where he died in 
1813, at the age of 87. Mrs. Livermore passed the remainder of her 
life with one or other of her children, and died in January, 1871, at the 
house of her son, the Rev. Edward Livermore, of St. Peter, Minnesota. 

The above account was written by Arthur Livermore, Esq., eldest son of Mrs. 
Louisa Livermore. He was in the practice of the law for about twenty-five years, and 
since 1S69 has resided abroad, long acting as American consul in Londonderry, Ireland. 



Capt. Phineas' Cooke married, March i, 175-, 

Abigail Durant, daughter of Dr. Edward' 

Durant, of Newton, Mass. 
Their children were : 
Mary* Cooke, married Capt. John Fowle, of 

Watertown, Mass. , 

DanieF Cooke, died young. 
Artemas* Cooke, died young. 
Ann (Nancy)' Cooke, married Capt. Joseph Bliss, 

of Haverhill, N. H. 
Daniel' Cooke, married ist, Sarah Nutting, — 2d, 

Dorothy Nutting. 
Abigail' Cooke, married ist, Howard, — 2d, 

John Leathe. 
Sarah' Cooke, married Stephen Swift, of Cor- 

. inth, N. H. 

HUNNEWELL, of Watertown, Mass. 

Dr. Walter Hunnewell, of Watertown, Mass., "was probably 
descended from Roger Hunnewell, who came to New England not long 
after the settlement of the Massachusetts Colony. In the early records 
the name was spelled at various times, Hunniwell, Honuel, Honywell, 
and Hunnewell." Dr. Hunnewell was born in Cambridge, August 4, 
1769. "Though only six years of age when the Revolutionary War 
began, he was old enough, before its close, to receive impressions which 
enabled him to remember some of its more important events." 

He graduated at Harvard College in 1787, in the same class with 
John Ouincy Adams, William Cranch, Thaddeus Mason Harris, James 
Lloyd, and Samuel Putnam. He studied medicine with Dr. Spring, of 
Waltham, Mass., and afterwards settled in Watertown, where he passed 
the whole of his professional life. He was a whig in politics, but was 


SO devoted to his profession, that he did not allow himself to take any 
active part in the public affairs of either town or state. 

He married, May 12, 1800, Susannah Cooke, a daughter of Captain 
Phineas and Abigail (Durant) Cooke, and sister of Mrs. John Fowle. 
For many years he was the only jjhysician in the town, and also had a 
large practice in Newton and West Cambridge. His health continued 
so good, even in his later years, that he wa« not obliged to relinquish 
his professional duties until nearly eighty years of age. " With such a 
long residence in Watertown, he was well known in all that vicinity as 
a prominent and respected citizen, as well as a distinguished and skilful 
physician." He died there, October 19, 1855. 

Mrs. Hunnewell was always spoken of as having a very sweet and 
amiable disposition, and was much beloved by her friends and relatives. 
The Hunnewell and Fowle homesteads were nearly opposite each other, 
and there was the closest intimacy between the two families. 

The Public Library in Watertown is built partly on the land belonging 
to the old Fowle estate ; Mr. H. Hollis Hunnewell, a son of Dr. Walter 
Hunnewell, having given one half the amount required for the erection 
of a suitable building. The architects chosen for it were Messrs. Shaw 
& Hunnewell, a son, and son-in-law, of the chief donor. 

Mr. Hunnewell also gave a Library and Town Hall to Wellesley. 
This building, designed by the same architects, is built of native stone, 
and is considered the finest in the State. It is situated in the midst of 
a park of ten acres. 

The Library, which originally contained six thousand volumes, has an 
endowment fund of twenty thousand dollars, of which the interest is to 
be devoted to buying books. The total value of the gift is estimated at 
about a quarter of a million dollars. 

Mrs. Hollis Hunnewell inherited the Welles estate, in that part of 
Natick which is now called Wellesley in honor of her family, and Mr. 


Hunnewell has made large additions to the property, until it now includes 
about six hundred acres. This estate, or rather series of estates, occu- 
pied during the summer by Mr. Hunnewell and his married children, lies 
on both sides of the road leading from Wellesley Station to Natick. 
The following is quoted from the account given of this place in the His- 
tory of Middlesex County : " That part of the property occupied by Mr. 
Hunnewell, himself, lies on the border of Lake Waban, on the other 
side of which are the grounds of Wellesley College. The mansion built 
by him, at some distance from the road, is reached by winding avenues 
through spacious lawns, and shaded by ornamental and forest trees, 
which remind the visitor of the approaches to some of the best estates 
in England." 



The descendants of the following persons are carried down to the 
present time : 

Edmund Fowle, m. ist, Mary Cook ; m. 2d, Huldah Curtis. 

Capt. John Fowle, m. Mary Cooke. 

Ann (Nancy) Cooke, m. Capt. Joseph Bliss. 

Daniel Cooke, m. ist, Sarah Nutting ; m. 2d, Dorothy Nutting. 

Sarah Cooke, m. Stephen Swift. 

Susanna Cooke, m. Dr. Walter Hunnewell. 

The small numeral at the right of the given name shows to which 
generation the person belongs, beginning with Edmund' Fowle and 
Capt. Phineas' Cooke as the first generation. , 

The star (*) at the left of the numeral in the lists of children, in the 
different families, indicates that the name is carried on, and that a 
further account of that person will be found under the head of the cor- 
responding large numeral. 





Captain John Fowle's father, Edmund' Fowle, was the first one of 
the name to settle in Watertown, Mass. 

In some of the records where reference is made to him, it is stated 
that this Edmund Fowle was, /rt^A?/;/)', the son of Edmund and Mary 
(Smith) Fowle, of Newton, Mass., who was born September 23, 1719. 

There is, however, a tradition among some of his descendants that he 
came from England, and if this were the case, he was not the son of 
Edmund and Mary (Smith) Fowle. Information, gathered from several 
different sources, seems to point toward this latter conclusion. He 
married March 17, 174S, Abigail Whitney, daughter of Daniel and 
Dorothy (Tainter) Whitney, of Watertown. She was born June 5, 1725. 
When their eldest son, Edmund' Fowle, was married, his father sent 
over to England to procure the timbers for his house. Marshall" Spring 
Fowle afterwards lived in it, and was the last one of the name who 
owned it. 

Children of Edmund' and Abigail (Whitney) Fowle : 
2. Abigail' Fowle, born Nov. 11, 1745 ; married April 29, 1767, Joshua 
Bowman, of Cambridge. 



*3. Edmund' FowLE, born Dec. 21 (31), 1747; married ist, Nov. 17, 1773, 
Mary Cook ; married 2d, Huldah Curtis, born in Connecticut. She 
died Feb. 21, 1S43, aged 85 years. He died Sept. 33, 1821, aged 75 

4. Mary' Fowle, born Nov. 31, 1749. 

5. Dorothy' Fowle, born Jan. 27, 1753 ; married Dec. 30, 1773, Jonathan 


6. Ebenezer Smith' Fowle, born March 35, 1754 ; married May 10, 17S1, 

Susanna Jackson, of Cambridge. 
*7. (Captain) John' Fowle, born Feb. i, 1756; married Jan. 8, 178a, Mary 
Cooke. He died Dec. 31, 1S33. 

8. Lucy' Fowle, born Aug. 11, 175S; married Aug. 37, 17S5, John 


9. Jeremiah' Fowle, born Dec. 17, 1760; married December 16, 17S3 

(or 1787), Polly Capen. 
10. Samuel' Fowle, born Dec. 18, 1763 ; unmarried ; graduated at Harvard 

- 3 - 

Edmund^ Fowle, second child and eldest son of Edmund^ and Abigail ■ 
(Whitney) Fowle, was born Dec. 21 (or 31), 1747. He married ist, Nov. 
17, 1772, Mary Cook, and married 2nd, Huldah Curtis, who was born in 
the State of Connecticut. He died Sept. 23, 1821 ; widow Huldah 
Fowle died in Watertown, Feb. 21, 1842, aged 85 years. Edmund 
Fowle was selectman in Watertown in i/gSi 1805 and 1806. 

Edmund' had one child by his first wife, Mary (Cook) Fowle : 

11. Edmund' Fowle, born July 29, 1774. 

Children by second wife, Huldah (Curtis) Fowle : 

12. Moses Gill" Fowle, born April 7, 17S5 ; unmarried. 

*13. Rebecca Boylston^ Fowle, born Oct. 37, 1786 ; married Nov. 7, 1810, 
Joseph Putnam Bradlee. He was born May 17, 1783, and died Feb. 
19, 1S3S. She died Dec. i, 1871. (See copy of portrait opposite 
page 38). 


14. Marshall Spring^ Fowle, born March 32, 17SS ; married Oct. 18, 

1S33, Liicj' Meacham. He was never known to have slept out of his 
own lioLise during his entire Hfe, and was married in his own parlor. 

15. Mary^ Fowle, born Feb. 13, 1790; unmarried; died May 11, 1S23. 

16. Huldaii Curtis' Fowle, born Aug. 3, 1791 ; unmarried ; died May 6, 


17. Stephen Cooke' Fowle, born Oct. 26, 1794; unmarried. 

18. William Hunt" Fowle, born Feb. 11, 1796; unmarried. (See copy 

of portrait opposite page 67). 

19. Edmund' Fowle, born Dec. 16, 1797 ; unmarried ; died April 23, 1873, 

in New York. 


Captain John' Fowle, sixth child and third son of Edmund^ and 
Abigail (Whitney) Fowle, of Watertown, Mass., was born Feb. i, 1756. 
He married, Jan. 8, 1782^ Mary Cooke, daughter of Captain Phineas and 
Abigail (Durant) Cooke. He died in Watertown, Dec. 31, 1823. She 
died about 1820. 

Children of (Capt.) John'^ and Mary (Cooke) Fowle : 

20. Charlotte" Fowle, born Nov. 7, 1782; married Jan. 26, 1S04, Ben- 

jamin Wiggin, of Boston, Mass., and London, England. He was 
born Oct. 30, 1772, in Hopkinton, N. H., and was the eldest son of 
Benjamin and Elizabeth (Clement) Wiggin. He died May 9, 1849. 
She died April 27, 1853. (See copy of portrait opposite page 6). 
*21. Harriet" Fowle, born Sept. 10, 1784; married Oct. iS, 1817, William 
Smith, of Hanover, N. H., and Lowell, Mass. He was born Nov. 
19, 17S9. He died October 19, 1867. She died in Boston, March 2, 

*22. Maria" Fowle, born Dec. 14, 17S7; married Nov., 1S09, in Provi- 
dence, R. I., Abiathar George Britton, of Ovford, N. H. He was 
born April 9, 1776, and died in Boston, Dec. 14, 1S53. She died 
Jan. 18, 1864. 

*23. (Lt.-Col.) John" Fowle, born Nov. 3, 17S9; married May 26, 1831, 
Paulina Cazenove, who was born in 1806, and died Aa»-< C 3i, 1S91. 
He was killed April 35, 1838. (See copy of portrait opposite page 16). 


24. Eliza" Fowle, born Feb. 26, 1791 ; died in infiincy. 

25. Charles' Fowle, born Feb. 7, 1793 ; died March 13, 1811. 

*26. Eliza' Fowle, born July 34, 1795; married in 1811, Capt. Charles 
Smith; died Feb. 18, 1868. 

*27. Adeline" Fowle, born Feb. 13, 1799; married ist, 1S16, Samuel 
Welles; married zd, 1842, Charles Jean Marie Felix, Marquis de La 
Valette. She died March 21, 1869. (See copies of two portraits, 
one probabJy as a school girl in Philadelphia, opposite page 24, 
the other after her marriage to Mr. Welles, opposite page 30 ; Mr. 
Welles's residence and banking house opposite page 26 ; fac simile of 
a royal invitation to the Palais of Compiegne opposite page 34.) 

-13 - 

Rebecca Boylston" Fowle, second child of Edmund, by his second 
wife, Huldah (Curtis) Fowle, was born Oct. 27, 17S6; married Nov. 7, 
1810, Joseph Putnam Bradlee. He was born May rj, 1783, and died 
Feb. 19, 1838. She died Dec. i, 1871. 

Children of Joseph and Rebecca" (Fowle) Bradlee : 

28. Rebecca Boylston'' Bradlee, died in infancy. 

29. Joseph^ Bradlee, born Nov. 8, 181 2 ; unmarried ; died Aug. 22, 1849. 

30. Edmund Fowle^ Bradlee, born Feb. 20, 1S14; unmarried ; died June 

23. 1S75. 

31. Rebecca^ Bradlee, born Jan. 14, 1816; unmarried ; died July 9, 1870. 

32. JosiAH Putnam* Bradlee, born June 10, 1817 ; unmarried ; died Feb. 

2, 1887. 

33. Helen Curtis* Bradlee, born March i, 1819; unmarried. 
*34. Jane Paine* Bradlee, married Joseph Lyman Henshaw. 

- 21- 

Harriet' Fowle, second child of Capt. John" and Mary (Cooke) 
Fowle, was born Sept. 10, 1784. She married Oct. 18, 1817, William 
Smith, of Hanover, and Lowell, Mass. ; born Nov. 19, 1789. He died 
Oct. 19, 1867. She died March 2, 1868. 


Children of William and Harriet" (Fowle) Smith: 

*35. William Fowle* Smith, born Nov. 2, ISi 9 ; married July 3, iS6S, Liz- 
zie Sargeant. He died March 7, 18S/". 

*36. Henry Welles* Smith, who afterwards changed his name to Henry 
Fowle* Durante was born Feb. 20, 1S22, and married May 23, 1854, 
Pauline Adeline* Fowle. He died Oct. 3, iSSi. (See likeness oppo- 
site page 44.) 

37. Maria* Smith, died in infancy. 

38. Adeline* Smith, born Jan. 23, 1S24; died June 5, 1835. 

- 22 - 

Maria" Fowle, third child of Capt. John' and Mary (Cooke) Fowle 
born Dec. 14, 1787; married November, 1809, Abiathar George Britton. 
He was born in Westmoreland, N. H., April 9, 1776, and died in Boston, 
Dec. 14, 1853. She died Jan. 18, 1864. 

Children of Abiathar George and Maria' (Fowle) Britton : 

*39. Charlotte* Britton, born Sept. 13, iSio; married Sept. 30, 1830, 
Francis Samuel Greenleaf. She died May .23, 1886. 

40. Catherine* Britton, born Feb. 7, 1812 ; married May 16, 1848, Ed- 

ward Morey Bissell. She died Oct. 23, 1869. 

41. John George* Britton, born Sept i, 1S14; unmarried ; graduated at 

Dartmouth at 15 years of age. Died Jan. 33, 1854. 
*42. Lloyd Lee* Britton, born Oct. 34, 1816 ; married Dec. 9, 1S42, Maria 

Augusta Ming, of New York. 
*43. Mary Louise* Britton, born April 9, 1820; married, Oct. 14, 1S46, 

Timothy Wiggin Little. 

*44. Ellen* Britton, born Sept. 13, 1825 ; married Oct. 6, 1847, Dr. 
William Edward Townsend, of Boston. 

*45. Frances* Britton, born April 13, 1833 ; married Sept. i, 1S58, John 
Long Graves, of Boston. 

- 23 - 

Lt.-Col. John' Fowle, fourth child of Capt. John' and Mary (Cooke) 
Fowle, was born Nov. 3, 1789, in Watertown ; married May 26, 183 1, 


Paulina Cazenove, daughter of Antoine Charles Cazenove, of Alexandria, 

Va. He died April 25, 1838. She died /l/>'-< ^ 21,1891. (See likeness 

of Mrs. Fowle opposite page 20.) 

Children of Lt.-Colonel John" and Paulina (Cazenove) Fowle : 

*46. Pauline* Adeline, born June 13, 1832 ; married May 23, 1854, Henry 
Fowle'' Durant. (See copy of portrait opposite page 50.) 

47. Anne Eliza/ born Jan. 13, 1S35 ; died April 16, 1843. 

48. John Charles,* born Oct. 10, 1836; died Jan. 22, 1S40. 

- 36 - 

Eliza' Fowle, seventh child of Capt. John' and Mary (Cooke) Fowle, 
was born July 24, 1795; married in 181 1, Capt. Charles Smith. He 
died July, 1854, aged "](> years. She died Feb. 18, 1868. 

Children of (Capt.) Charles and Eliza" (Fowle) Smith : 

*49. Charlotte* Smith, born in Boston, Mass. ; married Jules Etienne 
Souchard. (See fa-z e. zt , Chateau de Vals, in Cantal, France.) 

50. Charles W.* Smith, interred at Mt. Auburn, Nov. 13, 1850, aged 

31 years. 

51. John F.* Smith, interred at Mt. Auburn, July 5, 1849, aged 20 years. 

52. Adeline* Smith, interred at Mt. Auburn, Dec. 3, 1S3S, aged 6 years. 

- 27- 

Adeline' Fowle, eighth child of Capt. John' and Mary (Cooke) 
Fowle, born Feb. 13, 1799; married ist, Samuel Welles, in 1816, who 
graduated at Harvard in 1796. He was born in Natick, April 22, 1778, 
and died in Surenne, France, Aug. 30, 1841. She married 2d, in 1842, 
Charles Jean Marie Felix, Marquis de La Valette. She died March 21, 

The Marquis married again Feb. 2, 1871, the youngest daughter of 
the Comte de Flahault, the Baroness of Keith and Nairne. He died 
May 4, 1881, aged 75 years. 



Child of Samuel and Adeline' (Fowle) Welles: 
*53. Samuel^ Welles, afterwards legally adopted by his step-fixther, the 
Marquis de La Valette. 

- 34- 

Jane Paine' Bradlee, youngest child of Joseph and Rebecca' (Fowle) 
Bradlee, married Joseph Lyman Henshaw, of Boston. 
Children of Joseph and Jane' (Bradlee) Henshaw : 

54. Elizabeth Lyman' Henshaw. 

55. Jennie Henshaw, married William E. Peck. She died,>- 

Left 2 children, who died in infancy. 

56. Samuel' Henshaw, married Annie Mayhew Stanwood. 

57. Joseph Putnam Bradlee' Henshaw. 

-35 - 

William' Smith, oldest child of William and Harriet' (Fowle) Smith, 
was born Nov. 2, 1819. He married, July 2, 1868, Lizzie Sargent, of 
Springfield, Mass. She died May 19, 1876. He died March 7, 1885. 
Child of William' and Lizzie (Sargent) Smith : 
58. Bessie Sargent' Smith, born Sept. 12, 1871. 


Henry Fowle' Durant, who changed his name from Henry Welles 
Smith, thus taking his great-grandmother's name, was the second son 
of William' and Harriet (Fowle) Smith. He was born in Hanover, 
N. H., Feb. 20, 1822. Married May 23, 1854, Pauline AdeUne Fowle. 
He died Oct. 3, 1881. 

Children of Henry F.* and Pauline A.' (Fowle) Durant: 

59. Henry Fowle' Durant, born March 3, 1S55 ; died July 3, 1863. 

60. Pauline Cazenove' Durant, born Oct. 10, 1S57 ; died Nov. 34, 1S57. 


- 39 - 

Charlotte* Britton, eldest child of Abiathar George and Maria' 
(Fowle) Britton, was born Sept. 13, 18 10; married Sept. 20, 1830, Fran- 
cis Samuel Greenleaf. He died May, 1868. She died May 23, 1886. 

Children of Francis Samuel and Charlotte* (Britton) Greenleaf : 

61. Charlotte Maria' Greenleaf, born Feb. 24, 1836. 

62. Ellen Britton*'Greenleaf, born July 21, 1S40; died April i, 1885. 

63. Henry Fowle' Greenleaf, born .Sept. 20, 1838. 

64. Mary Louise' Greenleaf, born Jan. 2, 1S50. 

-42 - 

Lloyd Lee* Britton, fourth child of Abiathar George and Maria' 
(Fowle) Britton, was born Oct. 24, i8i6. He married Dec. 9, 1842, 
Maria Augusta Ming. She died Dec. 17, 1882, aged 56 years. 

Children of Lloyd Lee* and Maria (Ming) Britton : 

*65. Edward Ming' Britton, born June 21, 1S45 ; married Mary A. Har- 

*66. Ada' Britton, born May 17, 184S; married Dec. 4, 1869, Edmund 

Janes Godine. 

-43 - 

Mary Louise* Britton, fifth child of Abiathar George and Maria' 
(Fowle) Britton, was born April 9, 1820. She married Oct. 14, 1846, 
Timothy Wiggin Little. He was born Feb. 9, 1805, and died April 12, 
1863, in Manchester, N. H. He was son of William and Elizabeth 
(Wiggin) Little. 

Children of Timothy Wiggin and Mary* (Britton) Little : 

*67. George Britton' Little, born Aug. 14, 1847 ; married Nov. 3, 1875, 
Ella Walworth, who was born Feb. 7, 1S49. 
68. Maria Louise' Little, born May 8, 1862 ; died May 24, 1863. 


-44 - 

Ellen* Eliza Brixton, sixth child of Abiathar George and Maria' 
(Fowle) Britton, was born Sept. 13, 1825. She married Oct. 6, 1847, 
Dr. William Edward Townsend. He was born in Boston, August 20, 
1820, and died there Nov. 17, 1866. 

Children of William Edward and Ellen* (Britton) Townsend : 

*69. Edward Britton" Townsend, born Nov. 20, 184S; married June 23, 
iSSi, Grace Parker Appletoii. She died Aug. 4, 1S86. 

70. Walter Davis* Townsend, born Feb. 9, 1856. 

71. Arthur Farragut' Townsend, named for his grandfather's friend, 

Admiral Farragut, bom May 17, 1S65 ; married Nov. 36, 1S90, Mar- 
cia Moflat Alley, of New York. 

- 45 - 

Frances Greenleaf* Britton, seventh child of Abiathar George 
and Maria° (Fowle) Britton, was born April 13, 1832. She married 
Sept. I, 1858, John Long Graves, of Boston, Mass. He was born 
in Sunderland, Mass., Aug. 15, 1831. 

Children of John Long and Frances* (Britton) Graves : 

72. Gertrude Montague' Graves, born July 11, 1863. 

73. Louise Britton^ Graves, born July 24, 1867. 

-46 - 

Pauline Adeline* Fowle, daughter of Lt.-Col. John' and Paulina 
(Cazenove) Fowle, born June 13, 1832; married May 23, 1854, Henry 
Fowle* Durant. 

Children of Henry* and Pauline (Fowle) Durant : 
See 59. Henry Fowle^ Durant, born March 2, 1855 ; died July 3, 1863. 

" GO. Pauline Cazenove' Durant, born Oct. 10, 1857; died Nov. 34, 

. '857. 


-49 - 

Charlotte^ Smith, daughter of (Capt.) Charles and Eliza" (Fowle) 
Smith, born in Boston ; married Jules Etienne Souchard, at one time 
French Consul in Boston. He was born in Aubusson, France, at " La 
Seigliere," and was a cousin of M. Rouher, the famous minister of Na- 
poleon III. 

Child of Jules and Charlotte* (Smith) Souchard : 

74. Eugene C. Souchard, born about Oct. i, 1856, in Boston, and died 
there Dec. 20, 1S65. 

-53 - 

Samuel* Welles, son of Samuel and Adeline* (Fowle) Welles, after- 
wards legally adopted by his step-father and receiving title of Count 
Welles de La Valette, and upon the death of his step-father, in x88i, 
inheriting his property and title, thus becoming Marquis Welles de La 
Valette, was born March 22, 1834, in Summer Street, Boston, Mass.; 
married August 11, 1863, Marie Sophie L^onie Rouher, daughter of 
M. Rouher, at one time premier under Napoleon IIL S^e dicdjje-c n '^' 

Children of Samuel Welles de La Valette,* and Leonie (Rouher) 
DE La Valette : 

*75. Henriette,' born May or June, 1S64; married Count Amaury de 

76. Marie.' 

77. Aime'e.^ 

78. Napoleon,^ born 1869. The Emperor Napoleon and Empress Eugenie 

were his god-father and god-mother. 

- 65- 

Edward^ Britton, son of Lloyd Lee* and Mary (Ming) Britton, 
born June 21, 1845 ; married Mary A. Harrigan. 


- 66 - 

Ada' Brixton, daughter of Lloyd* and Mary (Ming) Britton, was 
born May 17, 1848. She married Dec. 4, 1869, Edmund Janes Godine, 
of New York. 

Child of Edmund Janes and Ada* (Britton) Godine: 

79. Lloyd Britton" Godine, born July 14, 1871 ; died May 22, 1876. 


George Britton^ Little, son of Timothy Wiggin and Mary* (Brit- 
ton) Little, born Aug. 14, 1847; married Nov. 3, 1875, Ella Walworth, 
daughter of C. C. Walworth, of Boston. She was born Feb. 7, 1849. 

Children of George Britton" and Ella (Walworth) Little : 

80. Theodore Walworth" Little, born Feb. 19, 1879. 
8L Harry Britton* Little, born Aug. iS, 18S2. 

-69 - 

Edward Britton^ Townsend, son of Dr. William Edward and Ellen* 
(Britton) Townsend, born Nov. 20, 1848. Married June 22, 1881, 
Grace Parker Appleton. She died August 4, 1886. 

Children of Edward Britton' and Grace Parker (Appleton) 
Townsend : 

82. Elizabeth Parker' Townsend, born Aug. 22, 1S82. 

83. Ellen Britton" Townsend, born Aug. 22, 1883. 

84. Richard Sullivan" Townsend, born July 27, 1S85. 

-75 - 

Henriette' de La Valette, daughter of Samuel and Leonie (Rou- 
her) de La Valette, born May or June, 1864 ; married Count Amaury de 

Child of (Count) Amaury and Henriette (de La Valette) de Mont- 
laur : 

Child," born 1890 or 1891. 






Captain Phineas' Cooke, of the Revolutionary army, son of Sam- 
uel Cooke, was born June 7, 1736, in Canterbury, Conn. He married, 
March I, 175-, Abigail' Durant, daughter of Dr. Edward* and Abigail 
(Jackson) Durant, of Newton, Mass. Captain Phineas^ Cooke died Jan. 
12, 1784. 

Children of (Capt.) Phineas' and Abigail' (Durant) Cooke : 

2. Mary' Cooke, born May 18, 1759; married Jan. 8, 17S-, Capt. John 

Fowle, of Watertown, Mass. (See page 67.) 

3. Daniel' Cooke, born Sept. 13, 1761 ; died in 1763. 

4. Artemas^ Cooke, died young. 

*5. Ann (Nancy)' Cooke, born May 8, 1764; married Capt. Joseph Bliss, 

of Haverhill, N. H. 
*6. Daniel' Cooke, born May 18, 1766 ; married ist, March i, 1793, Sarah 

Nutting. He married 2d, March 23, 1796, Dorothy Nutting, a sister 

of first wife. He died in Corinth, N. H., Sept. 20, 1839. 
7. Aiugail' Cooke, married ist, Howard, and had one child who 

died in infancy. Married 2d, John Leathe. 
*8. Sarah' Cooke, married Nov. 10, 178S, Stephen Swift. 
*9. Susanna' Cooke, bora in 1776; married May 12, iSoo, Dr. Walter 

Hunnewell. She died Oct. 9, 1841. 


- 5 - 

Ann (Nancy)^ Cooke, fourth child of Captahi Phineas^ and Abi- 
gail (Durant) Cooke, was born May 8, 1764. She married, July 11, 1786 
(second wife), Joseph, son of Rev. Daniel Bliss, of Concord, N. H. 

Joseph Bliss was a captain in the Massachusetts contingent of the 
Revolutionary army, and served throughout the war. He died Jan 3, 
1 8 19, leaving his widow in very straightened circumstances, and with 
three children to support ; but she, being a woman of resources, determined 
to face the difficulties bravely, and by her own unaided efforts not only 
gained her own livelihood, but also gave each of her children a good 
education. She was universally respected, and her influence was far 
spreading, — indeed, she was said to have controlled the politics of her 
town, Haverhill, N. H. To quote one of her relatives, " She was a 
woman of rare force of character, brilliancy and discernment, with a 
patrician style of thought and of conduct, which her narrow means and 
lowly vocation failed to repress or obscure. Men of education sought 
her society, which was also the delight of children and young people." 
She died in March of 1830. 

Children of Joseph and Ann^ (Cook) Bliss : 

*10. Col. John' Bliss, U. S. A., born in 1787; married Letetia Matilda 
Ellicott, April 3, 1S19. He died Dec. 22, 1854. 

*11. Louisa' Bliss, born in June, 1791 ; married Arthur Livermore, Chief 
Justice of New Hampshire, March 27, 1810. She died in January, 
1871. (See account in "Reminiscences/' page 56.) 

12. Caroline' Bliss, " who died in early womanhood," about year 1S17. 

13. Julia Ann' Bliss, died 3'oung, about year 181 2. 

14. Lieut. Horace' Bliss, was born May 24, 1802. He was educated at 

West Point, and was a Lieutenant in the army, but resigned in 1S35. 
He married, about the same time, Sidney Calhoun, of Baltimore, in 
which city he resided until his death, which occured in November of 


-6 - 

Daniel^ Cooke, son of Capt. Phineas^ and Abigail (Durant) Cooke, 
was born May i8, 1766; married ist, March i, 1793, Sarah Nutting; 
married 2d, March 23, 1796, Dorothy Nutting, a sister of first wife. 
He died in Corinth, Vt., Sept. 20, 1839. He inherited entailed pro- 
perty from his uncle, Daniel Cooke. 

Child of Daniel' and ist wife Dorothv (Nutting) Cooke: 

15. Leander' Cooke, born March 5, 1793 ; married May 30, 1838, Sallie 

Sanburn. He died January, 1852. 

Children of Daniel' and 2d wife Sarah (Nutting) Cooke : 

16. Charlotte^ Cooke, born May 23, 1796; died Jan. 10, 1S04. 

17. George^ Cooke, born June 19, 1798 ; died April 3, 181S. 

18. Emeline' Cooke, born March 32, iSoi ; married ist, David Brown ; 

married 2d, Daniel Batchelder. She died July 20, 1S62. 

19. Albert" Cooke, born Jan. 10, 1803 ; married Eleanor Bowen. He 

died October, 1865. 

20. Theodore' Cooke, born Oct. 13, 1S05 ; married Ruth Tenney. He 

died Aug. 1866. 

21. Maria Fowle' Cooke, born July 22, 1807; married June 14, 1825, 

Joseph Fellows, She died Jan 8, 1S88. 

22. Daniel R." Cooke, born Aug. 29, 1809 ; married Caroline Sleaper. 

He died March 21, 1871. 

23. Ann Julia L.° Cooke, born Oct. 17, iSii ; married Alvah Carpenter, 

She died March i, 1884. 

24. Henry C." Cooke, born Oct. 12, 1813 ; married Mary C. Crook. He 

died August, 1837. 2 children. 

25. Charles 0.° Cooke, born June 7, 1816 ; married Laura Ann Tucker. 

6 children. 

26. Caroline N.° Cooke, born Oct. 5, 1818; married December, 1841, 

Ezra Dickinson. She died Aug. i, 1848. 


- 8 - 

Sarah' Cooke was the seventh child of Capt. Phineas' and Abigail 
(Durant) Cooke. She married, November lo, 1788, Stephen Swift. 
They lived in Corinth, Vt. 

Children of Stephen and Sarah' (Cooke) Swift : 

27. Nancy' Swift, born June, 1789; unmarried; died April 10, 1S67. 

28. Susan' Swift, married Jonathan Jourdan, of Maryland. 4 children. 
*29. William' Swift, at one time Mayor of Lexington, Ky. ; married Ver- 
ger Vimont (French parentage), living in Millersburg, Ky. 

*30. Sarah' Swift, born Feb. 19, 1792; married April 6, 1814, James 
Robbins, of Watertown, Mass. He died Oct. 26, 1830, aged 38. 
She died March 10, 1872. 

*31. Stephen' Swift, born in Corinth, Vt., Aug. 3, 1796; married ist, 
Morford; married 2d, Lucia Tarbell. He died Feb. 13, 1SS8. 

32. Charles' Swift, unmarried ; died about 30 years of age. 

33. Mary* Swift, unmarried. 

34. Abigail' Swift, 

35. Dean' Swift, 

36. Edgar' Swift. 

> twins, both unmarried. 

-9 - 

Susanna' Cooke, eighth child of Capt. Phineas' and Abigail (Durant) 
Cooke, was born about 1776. She married, May 12, 1800, Dr. Walter 
Hunnewell, of Watertown, Mass. He was born in Cambridge, Aug. 4, 
1769. Graduated at Harvard College, 1787. He died Oct. 19, 1855. 
She died Oct. 9, 1841. 

Children of Dr. Walter and Susanna' (Cooke) Hunnewell : 

*37. Jane' Hunnewell, born June 23, 1801 : married June 9, 1822, John 

Allen Underwood. She died Feb. 2, 1855. 
*38. Horatio Hollis' Hunnewell, born July 27, 1810; married in Paris, 

France, Dec. 24, 1835, Isabella Pratt Welles. She was born Sept. 

7, 1812, and died June 7, 1SS8. 


-lO - 

Col. John' Bliss, U.S.A., eldest child of Ann (Nancy') and (Capt.) 
Joseph Bliss of the Revolutionary army, was born in 1787. He married 
April 3, 1 8 19, Letetia Matilda EUicott, of Maryland. He studied law, 
and was admitted to the practice in Albany, but joined the army upon 
the commencement of the war of 181 2, gained a captaincy, and was in 
several engagements upon the Northern frontier, Chippewa among 
others. He remained ia the service during forty years of peace, for the 
greater part of the time upon the remote Western frontiers, Green Bay, 
Council Bluff, and Fort Snelling. He was also, for a short time, teacher 
in tactics at the West Point Academy, and eventually rose to the rank 
of Colonel. He died Dec. 22, 1854. 

Children of Col. John' and Letetia Matilda (Ellicott) Bliss : 

39. Anns'* Bliss, born March 22, 1S22 ; died July 16, 1S33. 
*40. John Horace'' Bliss, born Oct. 4, 1823 ; married ist, Sept. 13, 1848, 
Mary Levering; married 2d, Oct i, 1850, Ellen Christie. 

41. Louisa Matilda* Bliss, born Nov. 3, 1825 ; died June 27, 1S32. 


Louisa" Bliss, daughter of Capt. Joseph and Ann" (Cooke) Bliss, was 
born in June, 1791 ; married March 27, 1810, Arthur Livermore, Chief 
Justice of New Hampshire. She died in January of 1871. 

Children of Arthur and Louisa' (Bliss) Livermore : 

*42. Arthur* Livermore, born Jan. 7, 181 1 ; married June i, 1853, Kate 
Prince, of Lowell, Mass. 
43. George* Livermore, born Aug. 10, 1S13 ; died in Concord in 1891. 
*44. (Rev.) Edward'' Livermore, born March 18, 1815; married ist, 
Dec. 12, 1839, Elizabeth Greene Hubbard; married 2d, Oct. 26, 
1853, Mary Stuart McCormick. 
45. Samuel* Livermore, born May 19, 1817; was lost at sea, June 14, 
1838, by tlie explosion of the steamer Pulaski. 


*46. Louisa* Livermore, b. Dec. 23, 1819; married April 15, 1850, James 
K. Ford, of Little Falls, N. Y. She died March 30, 1865. 

47. Caroline* Livermore, born July 15, 1832 ; died March, 1867. 

48. Horace* Livermore, born March i, 1829; died June 25, 1S38. 

*49. Heber* Livermore, born April 22, 1832 ; married Margaret Boteler, 
of Virginia, who died in 1S6S. 

- 29 - 

William' Swift, third child of Stephen and Sarah (Cooke) Swift, 
was born in Corinth, Vt. He moved to Kentucky, and was at one time 
Mayor of the city of Lexington, in that State. He married Verger 
Vimont (French parentage), of Millersburg, Ky. 

Children of William^ and Verger (Vimont) Swift : 

50. Sarah* Swift. 

51. Mary* Swift. 

52. William* Swift. 

53. Charles* Swift. 

54. Harry* Swift. 

55. Gertrude* Swift. 

-30 - 

Sarah' Swift, fourth child of Stephen and Sarah (Cooke) Swift, was 
born Feb. 19, 1792; married, April 6, 1814, James Robbins, of Water- 
town, Mass. She was a woman of fine mindj wonderful memory, and 
great force of character. Always courageous, even under the most 
trying circumstances, she inspired the same quality in others. She died 
March 10, 1872. He died Oct. 26, 1830, aged 38 years. 

Children of James and Sarah" (Swift) Robbins : 

56. Lois* Robbins, b. Oct. 32, 1814. 

*57. James* Robbins, b. Oct. 19, 1816; married March 6, 1839, Anna 
Winter, of Lexington, Ky. 
58. Abijah White* Robbins, born Oct. 3 (or 30), 1818 ; died June 26, 1849. 





*59. Sarah* Robbins, born Nov. 8, 1820; married Sept. 6, 1840, Harrison 

60. Anne* Robbins, born Feb. 24, 1833 ; died May 30, 1888. 

61. Martha^ Robbins, born Marcli 3, 1825. 

62. Ellen* Robbins, born July i, 182S. 

- 31- 

r^ . ^.^ Stephen" Swift, fifth child of Stephen and Sarah (Cooke) Swift, 

t-^ls^ was born in Corinth, Vt., Aug. 3, 1796. At the age of twenty-one 

fX>7 he, with three friends, left home to make their fortunes. They went 

to Lexington, Ky., to which State William Swift had gone about two 
years previously. These young men embarked on a skiff at Pittsburg, 
and floated down the river by day, and camped on shore at night. 
They performed the whole journey in about forty days, arriving at their 
destination Dec. 10, 1817. Stephen Swift had only ten dollars with 
which to commence business, but he was very successful in what he 
undertook, so that eventually he was able to invest largely in real 
estate in Chicago. He suffered great losses from the fire of 1871, in 
that city, but afterwards retrieved his fallen fortunes, so that upon his 
death, which occurred Feb. 13, 1888, he was found to be "one of the 

wealthiest men of the county." He was twice married, first to 

Morford. She lived only a few years after her marriage ; and her three 
children died the same year as herself, in 1828. He married, secondly, 
Lucia Tarbell, an aunt of Dr. Tarbell of Boston, and cousin of Senator 
Children of Stephen' and 2d wife Lucia (Tarbell) .Swift: 

63. Charles* Swift. 

64. Ellen* Swift. 

65. Fannie* Swift. 

66. Lucia* Swift. 

67. Adeline Cooke* Swift. 


68. Stephen* Swift. 

69. Edward* Swift. 

70. Elizabeth Bartlett* Swift. 

- 37 - 

Jane' Hunnewell, daughter of Dr. Walter and Susanna (Cooke) 
Hunnevvell, was born June 23, 1801. She married June 9, 1822, John 
Allen Underwood. She died Feb. 2, 1855. He died in January of 

Children of John and Jane' (Hunnewell) Underwood : 

71. Henry Allen* Underwood, born April 16, 1S2S ; married Emma P. 


72. Susan Jane* Underwood, died in Manchester, England, 1837. 

73. CATHERiNEjoNES*UNDERWOOD,born Dec. 8, 1836; died Aug. 16, 1S87. 

74. Jane Eliza* Underwood, born in Watertown, Aug. i, 1S3S ; married 

April 20, 1865, John Morrison. 

75. Susan Louisa* Underwood, died in Brooklyn, N. Y., Nov. 14, 1S48. 

76. Charlotte Smith* Underwood, born in New York March 16, 1844 ; 

died Feb. 3, 1S50, 

-38 - 

Horatio Hollis' Hunnewell, of Paris, France, and Boston, Mass., 
son of Dr. Walter and Susanna (Cooke) Hunnewell, was born in Water- 
town, Mass., July 27, 1810. He married in Paris, Dec. 24, 1835, Isa- 
bella Pratt Welles, ninth child of John and Abigail Welles. She was 
born Sept. 7, 1812, in Dorchester, Mass., and died June 7, 18S8, in 
Wellesley, Mass. Her father, who was the son of Arnold Welles of 
Boston, and was born September, 1764, married his cousin Abigail, 
who was a sister of Samuel Welles, the Paris banker, who married 
Adeline, daughter of Capt. John Fowle. (See likeness opposite page 


Children of Horatio Hollis^ and Isabella (Welles) Hunnewell: 

*77. HoLLis^ Hunnewell, born in Boston Nov. i6, 1S36; married Ap'-il 
30, 1867, Louisa Bronson of New York. He died in Wellesley June 
II, 1884. 

*78. Francis Welles'' Hunnewell, born in Paris Nov. 3, 1838; married 
1st, May 6, 1S65, Margaret L. Fassitt, of Pliiladelphia, wlie died in 
1876; married 2d, Aug. 29, 18S9, Gertrude Sturgis, who died March 
15, 1890. 

*79. John Welles* Hunnewell, born in Boston May 30, 1S40; lives in 
Paris, France. 
80. Susan^ Hunnewell, born April 9, 1842 ; died in infancy. 

*81. Walter* Hunnewell, born in Boston Jan. 28, 1844; married May 
15, 1873, Jane Appleton Peele. 

*82. Arthur* Hunnewell, born in Boston, Dec. i, 1S45 ; married June i, 
1S70, Jane Boit. 

*83. Isabella Pratt* Hunnewell, born in Wellesley July 3, 1849 ; mar- 
ried Sept. 14, 1875, Robert G. Shaw, of Boston. 

*84. Jane Welles* Hunnewell, born in Wellesley July 30, 1851 ; mar- 
ried Nov. 22, 1881, Frank W. Sargent of Boston. 

*85. Henry Sargent* Hunnewell, born in Boston March 14, 1S54; 
married May 10, 1886, Mary Bowditch Whitney. 

-40 - 

John Horace* Bliss, Erie, Penn., eldest son of Colonel John^ and 
Letetia (Ellicott) Bliss, was born Oct. 4, 1823. He married ist, Sept, 
13, 1848, Mary Lovering; married 2d, Oct. i, 1850, Ellen Christie. 

Children of John Horace* and Ellen (Christie) Bliss : 

86. Anna' Bliss, born Dec. 5, 1851 ; married Sept. 3, 1873, Rev. Samuel 

D. McConnell, D.D., rector of St. Stephen's Church, Philadelphia, Pa. 

87. Horace John' Bliss, born April 11, 1854; died Oct. 6, 1871. 

88. Louisa' Bliss, born Jan. 7, 1858 ; married Sept. 10, 1885, Wallace De 

Witt, of Harrisburg, Penn. 

89. George Truscott' Bliss, born May 21, 1864. 


-42 - 

Arthur* Livermore, eldest child of Chief Justice Arthur and Louisa 
(Bliss) Livermore, was born Jan. 7, 181 1. He practised law for about 
twenty-five years. In 1869, he was appointed U. S. Consul to London- 
derry, Ireland, which office he held until 1887. He married June i, 
1853, Kate Prince, daughter of J. D. Prince, of Lowell, Mass. They 
now reside in Southport, England. 

Child of Arthur* and Kate (Prince) Livermore : 

"90. SusAN^ Livermore, born April 5, 1855; married Sept. 12, 1878, Ed- 
mund Sutton, Barrister Inner Temple. 


(Rev.) Edward* Livermore, third child of Chief Justice Arthur and 
Louisa (Bliss) Livermore, was born March 18, 181 5 ; married ist, Dec. 
12, 1839, Elizabeth Greene Hubbard. She died May 22, 185 1. Married 
2d, Oct. 26, 1853, Mary Stuart McCormick. He died May 28, 1886. 

Children of (Rev.) Edward* and Elizabeth (Hubbard) Livermore : 

9L (Rev.) Arthur Brown' Livermore, born in 1854; lives in Hinsdale, 

92. Elizabeth' Livermore, lives in Hinsdale, 111. 


- 46 - 

Louisa* Livermore, fifth child of Chief Justice Arthur and Louisa 
(Bliss) Livermore, was born Dec. 23, 1819; married April 15, 1850, 
James K. Ford, Little Falls, N. Y. She died March 30, 1865. 

Children of James K. and Louisa* (Livermore) Ford : 

93. Arthur Livermore' Ford, born Jan. 1851 ; died May 30, iSSo, at 

Colon, Isthmus of Panama, where he was the engineer in charge of 
one of the divisions of the Panama R. R. 

94. James Lawson' Ford, of New York, born July 25, 1S54. 

95. Mary K.' Ford, born Oct. 26, 1856. 


- 49 - 

Heber* Livermore, eighth child of Chief Justice Arthur and Louisa 
(BHss) Livermore, was born April 22, 1832; married Margaret Boteler, 
of Virginia. She died in 1868. i-Cc d-^J Vt^^i-i 'ffi 

Child of Heber^ and Margaret (Boteler) Livermore : 

96. Ann Boteler' Livermore, born in 1868. 

- 57 - 

James* Robbins, second child of James and Sarah (Swift) Robbins, 
was born October 19, 1816; married March 6, 1839, Anna Winter, of 
Lexington, Ky. 

Children of James* and Anna (Winter) Robbins : 

97. Virginia Carr' Robbins, born Feb. 19, 1840; married Judge Balzell, 

of Madison, Wis. 

98. Mary Elizabeth' Robbins, born April 25, 1842. 

99. Sarah Margaret* Robbins, born Feb. 14, 1844; married Walter S. 

Hall, of New York. 

100. James Winter' Robbins, born Nov. 4, 1S45 ; married ; lives 

in Madison, Wis. 

101. Matilda Moui.ton' Robbins, born July 19, 1847. 

102. Jane' Robbins, born July 7, 1849 ; married Perry Sanborn, of Mil- 


103. Lois' Robbins, born March 27, 1851. 

104. Charles Winter' Robbins. 

105. Anna Winter' Robbins. 

106. Elisha Winter' Robbins. 

107. Heber Rollins' Robbins. 

- 59 - 

Sarah* Robbins, fourth child of James and Sarah (Swift) Robbins, 
was born Nov. 8, 1820; married Sept. 6, 1840, Harrison Page. 


Children of Harrison and Sarah' (Robbins) Page : 
*108. Alice^ Page, born June 24, 1842 ; married Morris Schaff. 

109. Anna Winter^ Page, born June 25, 1S44; married John Allyn, of 

Cambridge, Mass. 

110. Walter' Page, born Nov. 26, 1846; married Grace Emerson, of 

Pittsfield, Mass. 

111. James R.' Page, born October 7, 1848; married Jennie de Blois, of 

Boston, Mass. 

112. Harry* Page, born June 12, 1857; married Susan Sanger, of Water- 

town, Mass. 


HoLLis* Hunnewell, of Boston, eldest child of Horatio' Hollis and 
Isabella (Welles) Hunnewell, was born Nov. i6, 1836, in Boston. He 
graduated from Harvard College in 1858, and married April 30, 1867, 
Louisa Bronson, daughter of Frederic Bronson, of New York. He died 
June II, 1884; and she died Nov. 10, 1890. 

Children of Hollis' and Louisa (Bronson) Hunnewell : 

113. Horatio Hollis^ Hunnewell, born Feb. lo, 1868; graduated at 

Harvard College, 1S90; married April 9, 1891, Maud Jaffray, daugh- 
ter of Howard S. Jaflray, of Irvington-on-the-Hudson. 

114. Charlotte Winthrop Bronson^ Hunnewell, born Oct. 13, 1871. 

-78 - 

Francis Welles* Hunnewell, of Boston, Mass., second child of 
Horatio Hollis and Isabella (Welles) Hunnewell, was born in Paris, 
France, Nov. 3, 1838. He graduated at Harvard College in i860. He 
married ist, May 6, 1865, Margaret L. Fassitt, of Philadelphia, Penn. 
She was born there, and died in Nice in 1876. He married 2d, 
Gertrude Sturgis, daughter of John H. Sturgis, of Boston, Aug. 29, 
1889. She died March 15, 1890. 


-79 - 

John Welles* Hunnewell, third child of Horatio Hollis and Isa- 
bella (Welles) Hunnewell, was born in Boston May 30, 1840; graduated 
at Harvard College in i860; and lives in Paris, France. 

- 81- 

Walter* Hunnewell, of Boston, Mass., fifth child of Horatio Hollis 
and Isabella (Welles) Hunnewell, was born Jan. 28, 1844, in that city. 
He graduated from Harvard College in 1865. He married May 15, 
1873, Jane Appleton Peele, daughter of J. Willard Peele. She was 
born Dec. 8, 1848, in Boston, Mass. 

Children of Walter* and Jane (Peele) Hunnewell ; 

115. Mary Peele' Hunnewell, born Nov. 17, 1875. 

116. Waltek' Hunnewell, born July 12, 1878. 

117. Francis Welles' Hunnewell, born Dec. 28, 1S80. 

118. Willard Peele' Hunnewell, born July 4, 1882. 

119. Louisa' Hunnewell, born April 16, 1884. 

120. Arnold Welles' Hunnewell, born Dec. 28, 1889. 

- 82 - 

Arthur* Hunnewell, of Boston, Mass., sixth child of Horatio Hollis 
and Isabella (Welles) Hunnewell, was born in that city Dec. i, 1845. 
He graduated from Harvard College in 1868. He married June i, 1870, 
Jane Boit, who was born Oct. 5, 1849, and was a daughter of Edward 
D. Boit. 

Children of Arthur* and Jane (Boit) Hunnewell : 

121. Isabella^'Hunnewell, born May 7, 1S71. 

122. Jane Boit' Hunnewell, born May 9, 1872. 

123. Julia Overing' Hunnewell, born Nov. 19, 1873. 

124. Margaret Fassitt' Hunnewell, born May zi, 1878. 


- 83 - 

Isabella Pratt^ Hunnewell, seventh child of Horatio Hollis and 
Isabella', (Welles) Hunnewell, was born in Wellesley, Mass., July 3, 
1849. She married Sept. 14, 1875, Robert Gould Shaw, of Boston, 
Mass. He was a son of S . Parkman and Hannah (Buck) Shaw, and 
was born in Parkman, Maine, May 6, 1850. 

Children of Robert and Isabella^ (Hunnewell) Shaw: 

125. Susan Welles* Shaw, born Aug. 9, 1876. 

126. Robert Gould^ Shaw, born Sept. 15, 1877. 

127. Hollis Hunnewell' Shaw, born Oct. 4, 1S7S. 

128. Theodore Lyman' Shaw, born Nov. i, 18S3. 

129. Arthur Hunnewell^ Shaw, born Aug. 28, 1S87. 

-84 - 

Jane Welles* Hunnewell, eighth child of Horatio Hollis and Isa- 
bella (Welles) Hunnewell, was born in Wellesley, Mass., July 30, 185 1. 
She married Nov. 22, 1881, Francis W. Sargent, of Boston, Mass., who 
was born in that city Jan. 19, 1848, and was a son of Henry Jackson 
Sargent and Margaret A. (Williams) Sargent. 

Children of Francis W. and Jane* (Hunnewell) Sargent : 

130. Jane Welles^ Sargent, born Sept. 7, 1882. 

131. Francis Williams' Sargent, born April 12, 1884. 

132. Alice' Sargent, born Dec. 35, 1886. 

133. Henry Jackson' Sargent, born May 31, 1889. 

134. Daniel* Sargent, born Aug. 23, 1S90. 

-85 - 

Henry Sargent* Hunnewell, of Boston, Mass., ninth child of 
Horatio Hollis and Isabella (Welles) Hunnewell, was born in that city 
March 14, 1854. He graduated at Harvard in 1875. He married May 
10, 1886, Mary Bowditch Whitney. 


Children of Henry Sargent* and Mary (Whitney) Hunnewell : • 

135. Christine^ Hunnewell, born May 2, 18S7. 

136. Gertrude^ Hunnewell, bom April 24, 1S91. 

- 90 - 

Susan* Livermore, daughter of Arthur and Kate (Prince) Livermore, 
was born April 5, 1855. She married Sept. 12, 1878, Edmund Sutton, 
of Manchester, Eng., Barrister Inner Temple. 

Children of Edmund and Susan* (Livermore) Sutton : 

137. Ralph' Sutton, born in May, 1S81. 

138. Kate Elinor' Sutton, born June 11, 1883, 

-108 - 

Alice^ Page, eldest child of Harrison and Sarah (Robbins) Page, 
was born June 24, 1842. She married Morris Schaff. 
Children of Morris and Alice' (Page) Schaff : 

139. Harrison Hale" Schaff, born Aug. 25, 1S69. 

140. Charlotte' Schaff, born Feb. 19, 1S72 ; died April ^5, 1S77. 

141. Rodman" Schaff. 

142. Sarah Swift' Schaff. 


Adams, John Quincy 
Albert, Prince 

Alley, Marcia Moffat, m. Arthur 

F. Townsend 
Ambassador, Turkish 
Andr6, Ernest . 
Andr6, M 

Appleton, Grace Parker, m. Edward 

B. Townsend 
Appleton, Samuel . 
Astor, John Jacob . 

Baker, Joseph 
Baring, Francis 
Barrows, (Dr.) Williams 
Batchelder, Daniel . 
Bell, Joseph . 
Belgian Minister 
Bertheuy, M. 
Billault, M. 

Bissell, Edward Morey . 
Bliss, Anna, m. Rev. S. D 
Bliss, Anne . 
Bliss, Caroline . 
Bliss, Rev. Daniel 
Bliss, George Truscott 
Bliss, (Lieut.) Horace . 
Bliss, Horace John . 
Bliss, John Horace 
Bliss, Julia Ann 
Bliss, (Col.) John 




73, 75 

. 20 

. 30 


. 78 

. 13, 46 

. 30 


. 33 


McConnell 84 


. 77 


. 84 


. 84 

. 80, 84 


. 77, 80, 84 


Bliss, (Capt.) Joseph . 5, 42, 53, 56, 60, 

77, 80 
Bliss, Louisa, m. Arthur Liver- 
more . . 56, 58, 77, 80, 85, 86 
Bliss, Louisa Matilda ... 80 
Bliss, Louisa, m. W. De Witt . . 84 
Bliss, Ann (Nancy) 5, 13, 42, 53, 56, 60, 77 
Boit, Edward D. . . . .88 
Boit, Jane, m. Arthur Hunnewell . 84, 88 
Boteler, Margaret . . . 81, 86 
Bowen, Eleanor .... 78 
Bowman, Joshua . . . .65 
Boylston (Miss) .... 38 
Bradlee, Edmund Fowie . .■ .68 
Bradlee, Helen Curtis ... 68 
Bradlee, Jane Paine, m. J. L. Hen- 

shaw 68, 71 

Bradlee, Joseph .... 68 

Bradlee, Joseph Putnam 38, 39, 40, 66, 68 
Bradlee, Josiah Putnam . 40, 41, 68 

Bradlee, Josiah . . v . .41 

Bradlee, Rebecca .... 68 

Brewer, Jonathan . . . .66 

Britton, Abiathar George . 13, 14, 15 
46, 67, 69, 72, 73 
Britton, Ada, m. E. J. Godine . 72, 75 
Britton, Catherine Maria, m. E. M. 

Bissell . . . . . .69 

Britton, Charlotte Fowle, m. S. F. 

Greenleaf . . . .14, 69, 72 

Britton, Ellen Eliza, m. Dr. W. E. 

Townsend ... 69, 73, 75 

Britton, Edward .... 74 



Britton, Frances Greenleaf, m. 

John L. Graves . . 14, C9, 73 

Britton, John George . . . 69 
Britton, Lloyd Lee . . 69, 72, 74, 75 
Britton, Mary Louise, m. T. W. 

Little . . . .69, 72, 75 

Bronson, Frederic . . . .87 
Bronson, Louisa, m. HoUis Hunne- 

well 84, 87 

Brown, David 78 

Butler, Benj. F. . . . 46, 48 

Calvin 20 

Calhoun, Sidney . . . . 77 

Capen, Polly 66 

Casa Nova 20 

Cazenove, Antoine Charles 19, 20, 70 

Cazenove, Charles . . . .16 
Cazenove, Jean Antoine . . 19 
Cazenove, Paul de . . . 19, 20 
Cazenove, Mme. Paul de . . 20 
Cazenove, Paulina, m. Lt. Col. John 

Fowle . 11, 16, 17, 19, 20, 67, 70 73 
Choate, Hon. Rufus . . .46, 48 
Christie, Ellen . . . 80, 84 

Clement, Elizabeth, m. Benj. Wiggin 9, 67 
Cooke, Abigail . 5, 42, 53, 56, 60, 76 

Cooke, Albert 78 

Cooke, Ann (Nancy), m. Capt. 

Joseph Bliss . 5, 42, 53, 56, 60, 76, 77, 

/3. 80 
. 78 
60, 76 

Cooke, Ann Julia L. 
Cooke, Artemas . 5, 42, 53, 56 
Cooke, Caroline N. . . . 
Cooke, Charlotte . . . . 

Cooke, Charles O. ... 

Cooke, Daniel . 5, 42, 53, 54, 56, 60 




Cooke, Daniel R. 
Cooke, Emeline 
Cooke, George 
Cooke, Gregory 
Cooke, Henry C. 


. 78 

53, 54, 55 

. 78 


Cooke, John ..... 54 
Cooke, Leander . . . .78 
Cooke, Maria Fowle ... 78 

Cooke, Mary, m. Capt. John Fowle 

5, 6, 7, 10, 13, 16, 21, 22, 24, 42, 53, 

56, 56, 60, 61, 67, 68, 69, 70, 76 

Cook, Mary, m. Edmund Fowle . 66 

Cooke, (Capt.) Phineas . 5, 42, 43, 53, 

54, 55, 56, 60, 61, 67, 76, 77, 78, 79 

Cooke, Samuel ... 54, 76 

Cooke, Sarah, m. Stephen Swift . 5, 42, 

53, 56, 60, 76, 79, 81 

Cooke, Stephen . . . 53, 54 

Cooke, Stephen .... 54 

Cooke, Stephen . . . .54 

Cooke, Susanna, m. Dr. Walter 

Hunnewell . 5, 42, 43, 53, 56, 60, 61, 

76, 79, 83 
Curtis, Huldah, m. Edmund Fowle 

38, 66, 68 
Coquereau (Monseigneur) . . 33 
Coquerel, M. .... 33 
Cowley (Lord) ... 34, 35 
Crook, Mary C 78 

Dickinson, Ezra . . . .78 
Dolfus (Mr. and Mrs.) ... 29 
Dummer, Jeremiah . . . .53 
Durant, Abigail, m. Capt. Phineas 

Cooke . 5, 42, 43, 53, 54, 56, 60, 61, 

67, 76, 77, 78, 79 

Durant, Anne Jackson . . .54 

Durant, (Dr.) Edward . 42, 43, 53, 54, 

56, 60 
Durant, Edward . . . . 42, 43 
Durant, George . . . 42, 43 

Durant, Henry Fowle (name origi- 
nally Henry Welles Smith) . 10, 11, 12, 
43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 

69, 71 
Durant, Henry Fowle . . 71, 73 
Durant, John .... 42 

Durant, Pauline Cazenove . . 71, 73 

Edes, Benjamin .... 54 



Ellicoft, Letetia Matilda, m. (Col.) 

John Bliss ... 77, 80, 84 
Elliot, (Rev.) John ... 43 
Emerson, Ralph Waldo . . .43 
Emerson, Grace, m. W. Page . 87 

Eugenie, Empress, 31, 32, 34, 35, 37, 74 
Everett, Edward . . . .39 
Farragut, Admiral ... 73 

Fassitt, Margaret L., m. Francis 

W. Hunnewell . . . 84, 87 
Fellows, Joseph .... 78 

Flags, Rebecca, m. Stephen Cooke . 54 

Flahaults 30 

Flahault, Comte de . . . .70 
Flahault (Mile), Baroness of Keith 

and Nairne .... 70 

Ford, Arthur Livermore . . .85 
Ford, James Lawson ... 85 

Ford, Mary K 85 

Fowle, Abigail . . . . 5, 65 

Fowle, Adeline, m. 1st S. Welles, 2d 

Marquis de La Valette . 8, 14, 22, 24, 

25, 26,27, 28, 30, 31, 32, 36, 37, 68, 

70, 71, 74, 83 

Fowle, Anne Eliza . . . .70 
Fowle, Charles . . . 6, 21, 68 
Fowle, Charlotte, m. B. F. Wiggin . 7, 8, 
9, 11, 13, 14, 24, 50, 56, 67 
Fowle, Dorothy . . . . 5, 66 
Fowle, Edmund . . . .67 

Fowle, Edmund 5, 38, 40, 65, 66, 68 

Fowle, Ebenezer Smith . . 5, 66 
Fowle, Eliza, m. Capt. Charles 

Smith . . 11, 22, 23, 68, 70, 74 

Fowle, Harriet, m. Wm. Smith . 10, 11, 

12, 38, 44, 67, 68, 69, 71 

Fowle, Huldah Curtis ... 67 

Fowle, Jeremiah . . . .66 

Fowle, (Capt.) John . 5, 6, 7, 10, 13, 16, 

19, 21, 22, 24, 38, 40, 42, 44, 53, 55, 

56, 60, 65, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 76, 83 

Fowle, John Charles . . .70 

Fowle, (Lt. Col.) John 10, 17, 18, 19,51, 

67, 69, 70, 73 


Fowle, Lucy . . . . . 5, 66 

Fowle, Maria, m. A. G. Britton . 10, 13, 

14, 67, 69, 72, 73 

Fowle, Mary .... 66 

Fowle, Mary 67 

Fowle, Moses Gill ... 66 

Fowle, Marshall Spring . . .67 

Fowle, Pauline Adeline, m. H. F. 

Durant . . 51, 69, 70, 71, 73 
Fowle, Rebecca Bovlston, m. J. P. 

Bradlee . ' 38, 39, 40, 66, 68, 71 
Fowle, Samuel .... 66 
Fowle, Stephen Cooke . . .67 
Fowle, William Hunt ... 67 
Fustado, M 29 

Gallatin, Hon. Albert . 

Garat (Mr. and Mrs.) 

George IV. . . . . . 

Gill, Moses, Lieut. Governor, after- 
wards acting Governor of Massa- 

Godine, Edmund Janes 

Godine, Lloyd Britton 

Graves, Gertrude Montague 

Graves, Louise Britton 

Graves, John Long 

Gray, Judge 

Greenleaf, Charlotte Maria 

Greenleaf, Ellen Britton . 

Greenleaf, Henry Fowle 

Greenleaf, Mary Louise . 

Greenleaf, Samuel Francis 


. 29 


. 38 

72, 75 

. 75 


. 73 

69, 73 

. 48 


. 72 


. 72 

69, 72 

Hall, Walter S 86 

Harrigan, Mary A., m. Ed. Britton 72, 74 
Harris, Thaddeus Mason . . .60 
Henshaw, Elizabeth Lyman . . 71 
Henshaw, Jennie Bradlee, m. W. E. 

Peck 71 

Henshaw, Joseph Lyman . . 68, 71 
Henshaw, Joseph Putnam Bradlee . 71 
Henshaw, Samuel . . . 71 



Hinckley, David, Judge . 
Hogan, Anne . 
Hogan (Misses) 
Howard . 


. 19 


42, 53, 56, 60, 76 

Hubbard, Elizabeth Green . . 80 
Hull (General) .... 54 
Hunnewell, Arnold Welles . . 88 
Hunnewell, Arthur . . . 84, 88 
Hunnewell, Charlotte Winthrop 

Bronson ..... 87 

Hunnewell, Christine ... 90 
Hunnewell, Francis Welles . 84, 87 

Hunnewell, Francis Welles . . 88 
Hunnewell, Gertrude . . .90 

Hunnewell, Henry Sargent 84, 89, 90 

Hunnewell, Horatio Hollis . 26, 27, 31, 
61, 62, 79, 83, 84, 87, 88, 89 
Hunnewell, Hollis ... 87 

Hunnewell, Horatio Hollis . . 87 
Hunnewell, Isabella, ... 88 
Hunnewell, Isabella Pratt . 84, 89 

Hunnewell, Jane, m. John A. Under- 
wood . . . . . 79, 83 
Hunnewell, Jane Boit ... 88 
Hunnewell, Jane Welles . . 84, 89 
Hunnewell, John Welles . . 84, 88 
Hunnewell, Julia Overing . . 88 

Hunnewell, Louisa ... 88 

Hunnewell, Mary Peele . . .88 
Hunnewell, Roger ... 60 

Hunnewell, Susan . . . .84 
Hunnewell, (Dr.) Walter . 5, 42, 43, 
53, 56, 60, 61, 76, 79, 83 
Hunnewell, Walter . . . 84, 88 
Hunnewell, Walter ... 88 
Hunnewell, Willard Peele . . 88 

Hunniwell, i 

Honuel, > .... 60 

Honywell, J 

Jackson, Anne, m. Dr. Edward 

Durant S'V iS 

Jackson, Henry 
Jackson, Michael 
Jackson, Susannah 
Jaffray, Howard S. 
Jourdan, Jonathan 
Jameson (Mr.) 

Knox (Colonel) 


. 54 

. 87 

. 17 


. 74 


La Valette, Aimee de 

La Valette, Charles Jean Marie Felix, 
(Marquis) de . 27, 29, 30, 31, 32, 35, 
36, 37, 68, 70 

La Valette, Henriette de, m. Count 

Amaury de Montlaur . . 74, 75 

La Valette, M. Jean L. A. de . . 37 

La Valette, Marie de . . . 74 

La Valette, Napoleonic . . .74 

La Valette, (Count) Welles de, after- 
wards (Marquis) . . . 33, 74 

Lawrence, Abbott . . . .39 

Leathe, John . 5, 42, 53, 56, 60, 76 

Leroy, Ernest . 

Little, George Britton . 

Little, Harry Britton 

Little, Maria Louise 

Little, Theodore Walworth 

Little, Timothy Wiggin 

Livermore, (Chief Justice) Arthur 13, 56, 
59, 77, 80, 85, 86 

Livermore, Arthur . . 59, 80, 85, 90 

Livermore, (Rev.) Arthur Brown 

Livermore, Ann Boteler . 

Livermore, Caroline 

Livermore, Elizabeth 

Livermore, George 

Livermore, Heber 

Livermore, Horace 

Livermore, Louisa, m. J. K. Ford 

Livermore, Samuel 

Livermore, Susan, m. E. Sutton 

Lloyd, James 

Louis XI. .... 

Louis Philippe 






















Levering, Mary, m. (Col.) John Bliss 80,84 

Mason, (Hon.) Jeremiah . . 13 

Mason (Mr.) 30 

Mathilde (Princesse) . 28, 30, 33, 34 
McCormick, Mary Stuart, m. (Rev.) 

Edward Livermore . . 80, 85 

Miller (Mrs.) 22 

Minac, Maria Augusta, m. Lloyd 

Britton .... 72, 74, 75 
Montlaur, (Count) Amaury de . 74, 75 
Montmorenci, La Val ... 20 
Morford (Miss) . . . . 79, 82 
Morny, Due de . . . .30, 33 
Morrison, John . . . .83 

Meacham, John .... 66 
Meacham, Lucy . . . .67 

Napoleon I. , 
Napoleon III. 


23, 29, 30, 31, 32, 34, 35, 
36, 37, 74 

Napoleon, Prince . . . 28, 35 

Nutting, Dorothy 42, 53, 56, 60, 76, 78 
Nutting, Sarah 42, 53, 56, 60, 76, 78 

Otis, (Mrs.) Harrison Gray . . 23 
Otis, James . . . . .50 

Page, Alice, m. Morris Schaff . 87, 90 
Page, Anna Winter, m. John AUyn . 87 
Page, Harrison .... 87, 90 

Page, Harry 87 

Page, James R. . . . .87 

Page, Walter . . . . 87 

Paine, Robert Treat .... 7 

Peck, William E 71 

Peel, Jane Appleton, m. Walter 

Hunnewell . . . . 84, 88 
Peele, J. Willard .... 88 
Porter, (Rev.) Jeremiah . . .17 
Putnam (General) ... 41 

Putnam, Hannah . . . .41 
Putnam, Samuel . . . . 60 


Prince, Kate, m. A. Livermore 80, 85, 90 
Prince, J. D 85 

Rawson (Mrs.) 



Revere, Paul 


Rial (General) 



Richards, Emma P. 


Ripley (Mr. and Mrs.) 



Robbins, Abijah White 


Robbins, Anne 

, , 


Robbins, Anna Winter . 


Robbins, Charles Winter . 



Robbins, Elisha Winter 


Robbins, Ellen 



Robbins, Heber Rollins 


Robbins, James 

79, 81 


Robbins, James 



Robbins, James Winter . 



Robbins, Jane 


Robbins, Lois . 


Robbins, Mary Elizabeth 


Robbins, Matilda Moulton 

, , 


Robbins, TVIartha . 


Robbins, Sarah Margaret . 

, , 


Robbins, Sarah 


Robbins, Sarah, m. Harrison 

Page .... 

86, 87 


Robbins, Virginia Carr 


Rouher, Marie Sophie L6onie 

■fi'. 33 


Rouher (M.) . . 23, 3 

1, 33, 36 


Sanborn, Perry 


Sanburn, Sallie 


Sargent, Ahce . 



Sargent, Daniel 


Sargent, Francis W. 

. 84, 


Sargent, Francis Williams 


Sargent, Henry Jackson . 


Sargent, Jane WeUes . 


Sargent, Lizzie 

. 69, 


Schaff, Charlotte . 


Schafi, Harrison Hale 

, . 





Schaff, Morris . . . . 90 
Schaff, Rodman .... 90 

Schaff, Sarah Swift ... 90 
Shaw, Arthur Hunnewell . . .89 
Shaw, Hannah Buck ... 89 
Shaw, HoUis Hunnewell . . .89 
Shaw, Robert Gould . . .84, 89 
Shaw, Robert Gould, . . .89 
Shaw, Susan Welles ..." 89 
Shaw, Theodore Lyman . . .89 
Shaw, T. Parkman ... 89 

Slidell (Mr.) 30 

Sleeper, Caroline .... 78 
Smith, Bessie Sargent . . .71 
Smith, Adeline . . 10, 11, 69, 70 
Smith, (Capt.) Charles 22, 23, 68, 70, 74 
Smith, Charles W. ... 70 

Smith, Charlotte, m. Jules Souchard 

23, 70, 74 

Smith, John F 70 

Smith, Henry Welles, afterward name 

changed; see Henry Fowle Durant. 
Smith, Maria . . . . 10, 69 
Smith, Mary, m. Edmund Fowle . 65 
Smith, William Fowle . . 69, 71 

Smith, William 10, 11, 44, 67, 68, 69, 71 
Souchard, Eugene . . .23, 74 
Souchard, Jules Etienne . 23, 70, 74 

Spring (Dr.) 60 

Stanwood, Annie Mayhew, m. S. 

Henshaw ..... 71 

Story, Joseph . 
Sturgis, Gertrude, m 

Sturgis, John H. 
Sutton, Edmund . 
Sutton, Kate Elinor 
Sutton, Ralph 
Swift, Abigail . 
Swift, Adeline Cooke 
Swift, Charles . 
Swift, Charles 
Swift, Charles . 

Francis W. 

. 39 
84, 87 
. 87 


Swift, Dean . 

Swift, Edgar 

Swift, Edward . , 

Swift, Elizabeth Bartlett 

Swift, Ellen . 

Swift, Gertrude 

Swift, Fannie 

Swift, Harry 

Swift, Lucia . 

Swift, Mary 

Swift, Mary . 

Swift, Nancy . 

Swift, Sarah 

Swift, Sarah 

Swift, Stephen 

Swift, Stephen . 

Swift, Stephen 

Swift, Susan, m. Jonathan Jou 

Swift, William 

Swift, William . 



. 79 


. 83 


. 81 


. 81 


. 81 


. 79 

. 79,81,86 

. 81 

5, 42, 53, 56, 60, 

79, 81, 82 

. 83 

. 79, 82 

rdan . 79 

79, 81, 82 

. 81 

Tainter, Dorothy, m. Daniel Whitney 
Tarbell (Dr.) .... 

Tarbell, Lucia, m. Stephen Swift 79, 
Tenney, Ruth ..... 
Townsend, Arthur Farragut 
Townsend, Edward Britton 
Townsend, Elizabeth Parker . 
Townsend, Ellen Britton . 
Townsend, Walter.Davis 
Townsend, (Dr.) W. E. . 

Underwood, Catherine Jones 
Underwood, Charlotte Smith . 


Underwood, Jane Eliza ». 
Underwood, John Allen 
Underwood, Henry Allen . 
Underwood, Susan Jane 
Underwood, Susan Louisa 

Victoria, Queen . 


. 78 

. 73 

73, 75 


. 75 


69, 73, 75 

. 83 


sA'w 83 

79, 83 

. 83 


. 83 




Vizier (Grand) 

Vimont, Verger . . . • 

Voltaire . . . • • 

Waldo, Judith .... 

Walworth, Ella, ra. G. B. Little 

Walworth, C. C. . 

Warren (General) 

Webster, (Hon.) Daniel . 

Welles, Abigail, m. John Welles 

Welles, Arnold 

Welles, John . . . . 

Welles, Isabella Pratt, m. H. H. 

Hunnewell 61, 79, 83, 84, 87, 
Welles, (Capt.) Samuel . 
Welles, Samuel 24, 25, 68, 70, 71, 

. 30 

79, 81 

. 20 


72, 75 

. 75 


13, 39 

. 83 

. 83 


88, 89 
. 25 

, 74,83 

Welles, (Count) Samuel, afterwards 
Marquis de La Valette 25, 29, 30, 33, 
^ 71, 74, 75 

Welles, (Gov.) Thomas ... 25 
Whitney, Abigail, m. Edmund 

Fowle . . • . 5, 66, 67 

Whitney, Daniel . . • -65 
Whitney, Mary Bowditch, m. H. S. 

Hunnewell ... 84, 89, 90 
Wiggin, Benjamin . 8, 9, 11, 24, 67 

Wiggin, Timothy . • • . 8, 9 
Williams, Margaret A., m. H. J. Sar- 
gent ....•• 89 
Willoughby (Lord) ... 30 

Winter, Anna, m. James Robbins . 86 
York (Duke of) .... 20 



Page 20. For Alexandria, D. C, read Alexandria, Va. 

42, 53, 56, 60. For Corinth, N. H., read Corinth, Vt. 

67. For Paulina Cazenovc, born in 1S06, read April 13, 1806. 

69, 72. For F. S. Greenleaf, read S. F. Greenleaf. 

69, 72. For Charlotte Britton, read Charlotte Fowle Britton. 

69. For Catherine Britton, read Catherine IMaria Britton. 

69. For Ellen Britton, read Ellen Eliza Britton. 

69. For Frances Britton, read Frances Greenleaf Britton. 

69, 71. For William Smith, died March 7, 18S5, read William Fowle Smith, died 
March 7, 1884. 

84, 88. For Jane Boit, read Jane Hubbard Boit. 


By C. Francis. 

"At the time when Watertown became more intimately connected with the public 
proceedings of a fearful crisis, and in consequence of the expedition of the British 
troops from Boston and its bloody result on the 19th of April, 1775, a meeting was 
suddenly summoned at Concord on the 22d April, and having appointed a chairman 
and clerk, they immediately adjourned to Watertown. Here the Congress assembled, 
during the remainder of the session, in the meeting house. This Provincial Congress 
was succeeded by a General Court, or General Assembly of the Colony. They con- 
vened at the meeting house in Watertown on the 26th July, and the Council met in the 
house of Edmund Fowle.* This house was selected on account of its vicinity to the 
meeting house, which enabled the two bodies to have easy and immediate intercourse." 

* Edmund' Fowle, page 66. 


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